Financial Statements for a Corporation
Winning Competitive Events
- The income statements for a merchandising business and a service business are different.
- A publicly held corporation usually prepares a statement of stockholders' equity.
- Characteristics of financial information include comparability, reliability, relevance, materiality, and full disclosure.
- The statement of cash flows reports the activities of a business that caused the cash balance to change during the period.
- The balance sheet for a corporation contains information about capital stock and retained earnings.
- Cost of merchandise sold is determined by subtracting net purchases from net sales.
- The balance of the Sales Returns and Allowances account is reported in the Operating Expenses section of the income statement.
- All of the information needed to complete the balance sheet can be found on the work sheet.
- A business had a beginning inventory of $24,000, an ending inventory of $22,000, Purchases of $18,000, Purchases Discounts of $900, Purchases Returns and Allowances of $2,500, and Transportation In of $3,000. The cost of delivered merchandise is (A) $15,000, (B) $18,000, (C) $21,000, (D) $17,600.
- The Income Summary account (A) is reported on the income statement, (B) appears on the statement of changes in owner's equity, (C) is included in the Owner's Equity section of the balance sheet, (D) does not appear on any financial statements.
Different textbooks sometimes use different terms for the same concept or procedure. Questions on the accounting context examination may include unfamiliar terms for concepts or procedures you know very well. To overcome this possibility, the following list includes terms used in Glencoe Accounting and comparable terms used in other textbooks.
The terms in the left column appear in Glencoe Accounting. The terms in the right column are used in other textbooks to mean the same thing.
|Terms Used in Glencoe Accounting||Also Known As…|
|stockholders' equity||shareholders' equity|
|cost of merchandise||cost of goods sold|
|gross profit on sales||gross margin on sales|
|operating income||income from operations, earnings from income|
|horizontal analysis||trend analysis|
Regular study and review is the best way to get good test results, but there are other things you can do to prepare for the contest.
- Get enough rest the night before the test. Don't try to "cram." If you haven't mastered the material by now, cramming will not help.
- Eat a good breakfast.
- Try to relax. If you've prepared yourself for the test, be confident in your ability to do well.
- Dress in appropriate business attire. Not only will you project a good image of yourself and your school, you will also feel good about yourself and be more confident.
- Before the test date, double-check the location for the examination. Allow yourself enough time to get to the event.
- Be sure to take along the supplies that you will need: pencils, pen, ruler, and eraser. If handheld calculators are permitted, take one along.
- When you arrive at the test location, sit near the front of the room, not in the back.
- Listen to the instructions and guidelines from the test moderator.
- Read the test directions carefully.
- Skim the entire test quickly.
- Begin answering the questions.
- Mark those questions you cannot answer immediately and go on to other questions.
- When you have finished, return to the questions you marked.
Taking True or False Tests
- Read the directions carefully so that you will know how to mark your answers.
- Read each statement slowly and carefully. If any part of the statement is not accurate, then the entire statement is false. For the statement to be true, every part must be true.
- Look for "clue" words that usually make a statement false. Some of these words are always, all, none, only, and very. Words such as usually and generally are often used with true statements.
- Watch for negative statements; these tend to be tricky.
- With true/false tests, your first hunch is usually correct.
- Do not look for a pattern in the answers; there usually isn't one.
Taking Multiple Choice Tests
- Read the directions carefully. Usually only one answer is required; however, sometimes more than one answer may be necessary.
- Read the statement and try to complete it before you look at the choices. If your answer is among the choices, mark it.
- Eliminate the obviously incorrect answers, and then select what you feel to be the correct answer. Test the answer by adding it to the statement and reading the completed statement to yourself.
- If you cannot answer the question, look for words that automatically eliminate certain choices. Eliminate choices that do not fit grammatically with the question. Eliminate choices that seem too vague or general.
Taking Matching Tests
- In matching tests, you are asked to match a term in one column with a term or statement in another column. Read through all the possibilities before answering. Look for the most appropriate answer.
- Unless otherwise noted, an answer may be used more than once. In addition, there are often more choices than are needed.
- Match the items you are sure about first.
- Eliminate inappropriate choices. For example, if a question requires an answer that is a noun, you can eliminate all choices that are verbs. Choose your answer from the remaining choices.
Taking Completion Tests
- These "fill-in-the-blank" questions require specific answers. Read each question carefully and write the best possible answer.
- Check your answer by reading the completed sentence to yourself, to make sure your response makes sense.
Taking Problem Tests
1. To prepare for problem tests, do sample problems over and over until you are sure of yourself.
2. Read through the directions for each problem carefully, to make sure you understand exactly what you are to do.
3. Allow time to check your work, making sure there are no careless calculation errors. Be sure that you have completed each instruction in the problem. You may want to cross off an instruction after you are done with it.