Which of the following was not assumed by Weber in his least-cost theory?
|A)||Agglomeration economies lead to higher transport and labor costs.|
|B)||Labor is immobile in location, but infinitely available.|
|C)||Locations with high transport costs may be attractive because of a cheap labor supply.|
|D)||Transport costs were uniform by distance and weight in any direction.|
The largest single industrial area of Europe is centered on:
|B)||the Ruhr Valley.|
|C)||the Saxony District.|
|D)||the Scottish Lowlands.|
The substitution principle is part of which approach to industrial location?
By the mid 1990s, 80% of the U.S. nonfarm employment was involved in which type of activity?
Secondary activities are concerned with:
|A)||the extraction of natural resources.|
|C)||material processing and the production of goods.|
|D)||retailing and wholesaling activities.|
The largest and most varied work force in the United States is found in:
|A)||the Delaware Valley.|
|C)||New York City.|
|D)||the heart of the Anglo-Saxon Manufacturing Belt.|
The largest manufacturing district in Japan is:
Outsourcing is closely related to:
Which of the following is not a major manufacturing region?
|B)||Eastern North America|
|C)||West and Central Europe|
|D)||Western South America|
The market control mechanism is measured by:
Although it once had been the major manufacturing area in the country, by the mid–1990s manufacturing employment in eastern North America had dropped to below what percentage?
In the context of spatial theories of industrial location, satisficing is to optimal as ___________.
|A)||good is to best|
|B)||larger is to smaller|
|C)||incorrect is to correct|
|D)||left is to right|
Among "transport media," which of the following has the advantage of being able to seamlessly use different forms of transportation?
The industrial policies of Eastern Europe have created:
|A)||advanced high-tech regions.|
|B)||extreme environmental problems.|
|C)||highly efficient industrial districts.|
|D)||strong unionized labor forces.|
The lowest total costs for two vendors in a market are:
|A)||at opposite ends of the market.|
|B)||at the midpoints of their halves of the market.|
|C)||one at one end of the market, the other at the midpoint.|
|D)||side-by-side clustered at the midpoint.|
Jobs in which sector are not affected by the location of resources or market?
Break of bulk points are sites where:
|A)||a carrier combines unprocessed commodities with finished goods.|
|B)||a transport carrier has made an intermediate stop before proceeding to the final destination.|
|C)||goods have to be transferred from one type of carrier to another.|
|D)||movement is interrupted for processing or manufacturing en route.|
The Industrial Revolution in England began with which industry?
|C)||iron and steel|
Approximately what percentage of the world's gross domestic product is attributed to transnational corporations?
The region of the world that is rapidly becoming the most productive industrial district is:
|B)||Northeastern North America.|
|D)||Western United States and Mexico.|
Locating a steel mill at Cleveland, Ohio was an example of:
|C)||minimization of the total cost of collecting all the raw materials at one point.|
|D)||avoiding incompatible industries such as textiles and footwear.|
The textile industry has begun to shift production to China, Bangladesh, Mexico, and Thailand because of:
|A)||their proximity to major populations.|
|B)||lower labor costs.|
|C)||better overland transportation routes than those found in Taiwan and Hong Kong.|
|D)||political instability in South Africa.|
Industries that are considered "footloose":
|A)||are fly-by-night operations.|
|B)||require multiple sources of raw materials.|
|C)||are found predominantly in inner cities.|
|D)||consider transport costs a negligible factor in production.|
The concept of comparative advantage helps to explain:
|A)||high market demand for products.|
|C)||locating plants near raw material sources.|
|D)||lower wage rates in the United States.|
In planned Marxist economies such as in the former Soviet Union, the patterns of industrial development are geared to:
|B)||the individual firm.|
|C)||the location of the consumer market.|
|D)||the location of the raw materials.|