Traditions and Encounters, AP Edition (Bentley), 5th Edition

Chapter 31: Societies at Crossroads

Essay Quiz

Before 1800, both China and Japan had limited contact with the outside world. The leaders of both nations considered theirs to be a superior culture and did not seek or welcome change. Discuss changes in the Chinese and Japanese attitudes toward western ideas and western technology over the course of the nineteenth century.
Both Russia and Japan undertook ambitious programs of modernization and industrialization in the late nineteenth century. Compare the results and account for the differences.
Why were the states considered in this chapter so reluctant to grant political freedoms? Is it possible to reform a society without granting basic freedoms such as free speech, free press, freedom of religion, and the right to vote? Before answering "no," consider the experience of Japan.
Traditions & Encounters, 5e
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