Traditions and Encounters, AP Edition (Bentley), 5th Edition

Chapter 23: The Transformation of Europe

Learning Objectives

When you have finished studying this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
  • Explain the origins and development of the Protestant Reformation.
  • Identify and discuss key features of the Catholic Reformation.
  • Understand and explain the relationship between the Reformation, witch hunts, and the religious wars.
  • Discuss the attempted revival of empire in early modern Europe.
  • Compare and contrast the new monarchies of Spain, France, and England and the constitutional states in England and Holland.
  • Compare and contrast absolute monarchies in France and Russia.
  • Explain the rise of the European states system.
  • Identify and discuss key features of early modern European capitalist society and proto-industrialization.
  • Discuss the course and features of social change in early modern Europe.
  • Explain the causes and course of the scientific revolution and the Enlightenment.
Traditions & Encounters, 5e
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