After the Stock Market Crash, the first serious economic problem of the Great Depression was the collapse of the banking system. Here, worried bank depositors take their money out of the Union bank. How many banks went bankrupt or closed their doors between 1930 and 1933?
Banks failed, deflation ran rampant, the GNP plunged, and soon enough, countless men found themselves at soup kitchens such as this one in Chicago. By crude estimates, 25% of the work force was unemployed in 1932, and around 20% remained unemployed throughout the rest of the Thirties. What percentage of the workforce found themselves "underemployed," meaning that they experienced major reductions in wages, hours, or both?
Here, children and workers wait in line at another makeshift soup kitchen. Which of the following is generally not considered one of the economic causes of the Great Depression?
|A)||poor economic diversification|
|B)||uneven distribution of wealth|
|C)||the credit structure of the economy|
|D)||high federal income tax rates|
The debilitating effects of the Depression were made even worse for the farmers of the Heartland who became trapped in the "Dust Bowl," a ten-year drought that witnessed several horrifying dust storms like the one pictured here in Colorado. What percentage of American farmers lost their land in the first three years of the Depression?
Here, another dust storm ravages the remnants of a farm in Oklahoma. The farmers and families who left the Dust Bowl in search of work and sustenance often came to be known as
|A)||the "Bonus Army."|
An Oklahoma mother and child prepare for their migration to the West. The classic Depression era novel (and later film) about the plight of these families of agricultural migrants is entitled
|A)||Gold Diggers of 1933.|
|B)||The Plow that Broke the Plains.|
|C)||The Grapes of Wrath.|
|D)||Our Daily Bread.|
African-American families were hit even harder by the Great Depression than most other groups. By 1932, what percentage of America's total black population had been forced into some kind of relief?
In 1939, an African-American tenant farmer peruses what's left of his property. The experience of the Depression accelerated a black exodus from the South that had begun with the end of World War I. This is known as the
|D)||Abraham Lincoln Brigade.|
Despite popular perception then and now, Herbert Hoover did try in his own way to bring an end to the Great Depression. Which of the following programs was not part of Hoover's anti-Depression strategy?
|A)||Reconstruction Finance Corporation|
|B)||Agricultural Marketing Act|
|C)||Farmer's Holiday Association|
This haphazardly-constructed 1932 "Hooverville" in Southeast Washington, D.C. is the home of the
|B)||Abraham Lincoln Brigade.|
|C)||Southern Tenant Farmers' Union.|
Images of the Bonus Army camp set alight in July 1932 shocked the nation and effectively ended what little hope Herbert Hoover had of re-election. Other than the president, who was the man most responsible for this brutal eviction?
|A)||Franklin Delano Roosevelt|
Franklin Delano Roosevelt had his work cut out for him entering office in March of 1933. Which of the following events occurred during the "Interregnum" between his election and inauguration?
|A)||the Popular Front|
|B)||the collapse of the banking system|
|C)||the onset of the Dust Bow|
|D)||the Japanese invasion of Manchuria|