Business and Personal Law

Chapter 2: Criminal Law

Global Law

Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) borders the Central African Republic and Sudan on the north, and Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, and Tanzania on the east, Zambia and Angola on the south, and the Republic of the Congo on the west. The constitution of the DRC was formally adopted on February 19, 2006. In July of the same year, the first multi-party elections since 1960 were held.

The economy of the DRC is recovering from over 20 years of decline due to famine, disease, and violence. Although the country is trying to improve its economic stability, a vague legal structure, corruption, and a lack of government policy continue to hinder growth.

Republic of Uganda

The Republic of Uganda, a country is East Africa, is bordered on the east by Kenya, the north by Sudan, the west by the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the south by Tanzania. Idi Amin took over power of Uganda in 1971, which proved to be very destructive to the people of Uganda. Amin ruled with the military and, during his reign, over 300,000 Ugandans lost their lives. Since 1986, President Museveni has run the country but his participation in the civil war in the DRC as well as other conflicts across the continent has been costly for the country.

Darfur Region of Sudan

Sudan is located in Northern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea. It was involved in two civil wars during the latter part of the 20th century. War and famine have taken their toll on this country, resulting in over two million deaths. In January, 2005, a Comprehensive Peace Agreement was signed between the north and the south regions of Sudan. However, a separate conflict occurred in Darfur in 2003, which has caused over 200,000 deaths. Peacekeeping troops have been trying to stabilize the region, but continued conflict, refugees entering from neighboring countries, and lack of government support continue to hamper the stabilization process.

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