Traditions and Encounters, AP Edition (Bentley), 5th Edition

Chapter 19: The Increasing Influence of Europe

Learning Objectives

When you have finished studying this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
  • Compare and contrast the rise of the Byzantine and Holy Roman empires.
  • Compare and contrast the development of regional monarchies and states in France, England, Italy, and Iberia.
  • Explain the growth of the postclassical European agricultural economy.
  • Discuss the revival of towns and trade across Europe and the Mediterranean.
  • Explain the important features of postclassical European social change.
  • Outline the development of schools, universities, and scholastic theology.
  • Explain key features of popular religion, reform movements, and popular heresies.
  • Compare and contrast European expansions during the middle ages.
Traditions & Encounters, 5e
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