Traditions and Encounters, AP Edition (Bentley), 5th Edition

Chapter 8: The Unification of China


This chapter explores the unification and expansion of China during the Qin and Han dynasties (221 B.C.E. to 220 C.E.). A rich tradition of the social and political philosophies of Confucians, Daoists, and Legalists was the foundation on which these and later dynasties rested. Significant elements contributing to the unification of China in this period included the following:

  • The building of a centralized bureaucracy staffed with professionals educated in Confucian thought and values
  • A prosperous economy based on technological and industrial development and long-distance trade
  • The standardization of the written language
Traditions & Encounters, 5e
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