Traditions and Encounters, AP Edition (Bentley), 5th Edition

Chapter 38: A World without Borders

Multiple Choice Quiz

Popular unrest forced Todor Zhivkov, eastern Europe's longest surviving communist dictator, to resign in 1989 as leader of what country?
B)Czech Republic
In what year did the two Germanies reunite to form a united nation?
The purpose of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was to
A)funnel U.S. economic aid to NATO allies.
B)attract emerging economies into trade alliances with the United States.
C)eliminate barriers to free trade.
D)regulate currency rates.
E)set fair labor standards for the industrialized nations.
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of modern global corporations?
A)They seek out the cheapest labor and raw materials.
B)They have helped provide more money for social services and welfare programs.
C)They prefer locations with few, if any, environmental laws.
D)They favor unrestricted free trade.
E)They scatter operations all over the world.
Which of the following was NOT a factor in the Japanese postwar "economic miracle"?
A)Massive aid from the United States enabled Japan to rebuild quickly after the war.
B)Japanese products were not barred from the U.S. market.
C)Restrictions imposed on Japanese defense spending enabled them to channel much of their GNP into economic development.
D)Abundant reserves of oil and gas fueled postwar industrialization.
E)Cheap labor costs and a compliant workforce made Japanese industry very competitive.
Which of the following is NOT one of Asia's "little tigers"?
A)Hong Kong
C)South Korea
All of the following have contributed to the dramatic growth of the Chinese economy since the late 1970s EXCEPT
A)more efficient long-term economic forecasting by the Communist Party leadership.
B)the opening of China to foreign investment and foreign technology.
C)the opening of Chinese domestic markets to foreign imports.
D)vast reserves of cheap labor.
E)All these answers are correct.
In the 1970s, OPEC demonstrated that
A)the only way to defeat Israel was for all Arab states to work together.
B)an alliance in control of a valuable resource could exert control over the global economy.
C)western powers could no longer dominate the Suez Canal.
D)overproduction of petroleum products can cause a slump in global prices.
E)All these answers are correct.
One objective that the EU and ASEAN share in common is a commitment to
A)human rights and environmental regulations.
B)democratic governments.
C)removing political barriers between member states.
D)removing barriers to trade between member states.
E)All these answers are correct.
Which of the following is NOT a good example of the Americanization of global culture?
A)Pizza Hut
D)Rolex watches
Which of the following statements is NOT true of modern global consumption?
A)Consumption becomes a means of self-expression as well as a source of personal identity.
B)Modern consumption is shaped by wants and desires rather than by needs or necessities.
C)Global consumption is entirely one way: the tastes of the United States are imposed on the rest of the world.
D)Where products scarcely vary from one another, consumers are encouraged to make purchases based on brand names.
E)Global consumerism threatens local and indigenous cultures.
One significant result of the electronic information age is that
A)English has become the primary language of global communications.
B)social and political isolation has been vastly reduced.
C)politically repressive regimes such as that of China are trying to control the Internet.
D)the gulf between the technological haves and have-nots has widened.
E)All these answers are correct.
Between 2005 and 2050, population is expected to continue growing in all of the following world regions EXCEPT
D)North America.
E)Latin America.
Global warming refers to
A)natural variations in the global climate over time.
B)the rise in global temperatures caused by atmospheric pollution such as the emissions of cars and factories.
C)the risk of a nuclear war when the planet is politically "hot."
D)the increase in temperature caused by volcanic activity on the oceans' floors.
E)None of these answers is correct.
Which of the following statements is NOT true of modern terrorism?
A)Modern terrorists routinely employ violence against civilian targets.
B)Modern terrorists use sophisticated modern weapons and technologies.
C)Modern terrorists are not confined to any one state and operate effectively across borders.
D)Modern terrorists have been largely successful in achieving their political objectives.
E)None of these is correct, as all are true statements regarding modern terrorism.
The perceived grievances of al-Qaeda against the United States and its allies include all of the following EXCEPT
A)U.S. support of the Israeli occupation of Palestinian lands.
B)the presence of American troops in the holy land of Saudi Arabia.
C)U.S. failure to support the mujahideen in their war against the Soviet Union.
D)U.S. sanctions against Iraq.
E)None of these is correct, as all are perceived grievances of al-Qaeda against the U.S. and its allies.
Which of the following would NOT be a good example of an NGO?
A)Amnesty International
C)Human Rights Watch
D)the Red Cross
E)the United Nations
The goals of feminism in industrialized nations after WWII include all the following EXCEPT
A)women's suffrage.
B)equal pay for equal work.
C)access to birth control and abortion.
D)legal equality.
E)None of these is correct, as all are modern goals of feminism.
As a result of China's one-child policy,
A)the population of China has stabilized.
B)a significant number of girl babies are missing.
C)women have achieved full gender equity in China.
D)lingering Confucian values have finally been rooted out.
E)All these answers are correct.
In spite of cultural prejudices against women in Asia, women have emerged as political leaders in all of the following countries EXCEPT
C)Myanmar (Burma).
E)Sri Lanka.
Traditions & Encounters, 5e
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