Traditions and Encounters, AP Edition (Bentley), 5th Edition

Chapter 36: New Conflagrations: World War II and the Cold War

Multiple Choice Quiz

The height of Japanese atrocity in China was reached at the Rape of
C)Hong Kong.
The Tripartite Pact brought together
A)England, France, and the Soviet Union.
B)China, England, and the United States.
C)Germany, Italy, and Japan.
D)England, the Soviet Union, and the United States.
E)Germany, Italy, and Austria.
Chinese resistance to the Japanese was
A)a well-coordinated guerilla movement.
B)weakened by rivalry between Chinese nationalists and communists.
C)effectively crushed by the brutality of Japanese occupation.
D)armed by the Soviet Union.
E)powerful, overwhelming, and extraordinarily effective.
As evidence of the renewed power and glory of Italy, Mussolini
A)annexed Albania.
B)annexed Libya.
C)invaded Ethiopia.
D)supported militarists in the Spanish civil war.
E)All these answers are correct.
In 1938, Germany sent troops into what country and forced its leaders to accept the Anschluss?
A)the Rhineland
At the Munich Conference, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
A)took a hard line with Hitler, threatening military retaliation for any further aggression.
B)agreed that Hitler could keep lands already taken in exchange for a pledge to end German expansion.
C)agreed that the Treaty of Versailles had been unfair to the Germans and that their former empire should be restored.
D)created the regional Allied defense against Hitler's aggression.
E)made a secret alliance with the Axis powers.
The Russian-German Treaty of Nonaggression of 1939
A)conceded German control over eastern Europe.
B)conceded Soviet control over eastern Europe.
C)freed Hitler to pursue a more aggressive policy in western Europe.
D)pledged Soviet support to Germany in case of war.
E)brokered critical trade agreements between the two countries.
The German Blitzkrieg referred to
A)an elaborate series of concrete bunkers built on the experiences of World War I.
B)the Nazi plan for a "final solution" to the "Jewish question."
C)the living space in the east that was necessary for an expanding Germany.
D)a lightning war.
E)the German representative assembly that voted Hitler into power.
Operation Barbarossa in 1941 was code for the
A)German invasion of France.
B)German invasion of north Africa.
C)German invasion of the Soviet Union.
D)Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
E)Allied invasion of Normandy.
All of the following were essential to the Soviet defense against the Nazis EXCEPT
A)Allied support through the lend-lease program.
B)German overconfidence of a swift victory, which left them trapped far inside Russia when winter came.
C)the rapid relocation of Soviet industry to the east.
D)outrage at the German treatment of Jewish minorities in eastern Europe.
E)the willingness of the Russian people to fight the "great patriotic war."
Immediate provocation for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor was
A)the internment of Japanese citizens living in the United States.
B)an American-led oil embargo against Japan.
C)resentment over the unequal treaties imposed on Japan in the nineteenth century.
D)resentment that Japan has not gotten more of the territorial "spoils" at the Paris peace settlements after World War I.
E)fears of an American attack on the Japanese homeland.
The key to Allied victory in Europe was the
A)success of resistance movements at undermining German authority.
B)vast personnel and industrial capacity of the United States and Soviet Union.
C)lack of commitment of Italian forces to the Axis cause.
D)development of the atomic bomb.
E)leadership of Harry Truman after the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
A key factor in the Allied victory in the Pacific was the
A)island-hopping strategy that positioned U.S. troops within striking range of Japan.
B)massive aerial bombing of key Japanese cities.
C)development of the atomic bomb.
D)declaration of war by the Soviet government against Japan.
E)All these answers are correct.
At the height of their expansion, the Japanese had established either direct or indirect control over all of the following EXCEPT
A)the Dutch East Indies.
C)the Philippines.
The Japanese finally surrendered in 1945
A)in response to the surrender of Germany.
B)after the emperor resigned and a republic was established.
C)after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
D)after the American landing at Kyushu.
E)after the Soviet landing at Okinawa.
At the Wannsee Conference in 1942, Nazi leaders decided to
A)invade Poland.
B)invade the Soviet Union.
C)eliminate undesirable minorities in conquered territories in the Soviet Union.
D)deport all European Jews to concentration camps in Poland for extermination.
E)create the SS Einsatzgruppen.
Women in the United States and Britain performed all the following wartime activities EXCEPT
A)direct combat.
B)industrial work.
C)frontline support.
D)training and transport piloting.
E)ambulance and hospital work.
The Truman Doctrine pledged that
A)Soviet aggression would be met with American force.
B)the United States would help rebuild Europe and Japan.
C)the United States would support free people resisting subjugation by insurrection or outside interference.
D)the United States would never again resort to atomic weapons.
E)the United States would participate in the United Nations.
The Marshall Plan was
A)the U.S. plan for the final defeat of Germany through an invasion at Normandy.
B)the code name for the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941.
C)the secret United States code during World War II.
D)a U.S. financial plan to rebuild Europe and stop Soviet expansion.
E)the official name for the "final solution."
The Berlin blockade clearly demonstrated that
A)the western allies were afraid of a nuclear war.
B)the Soviet Union lacked the will to confront the west.
C)Britain and the United States would not be intimidated into abandoning Berlin.
D)Berlin could survive without outside support.
E)All these answers are correct.
The United States tentatively supported a failed invasion of Cuba at
B)the Bay of Pigs.
At the Bay of Pigs in 1961,
A)invading anti-Castro Cuban forces were overwhelmed by Cuban troops.
B)American special forces were defeated by Cuban troops.
C)anti-Castro Cuban forces defeated Cuban forces on the beach but failed to spark an uprising against Castro.
D)an American naval blockade turned back Soviet supply ships.
E)the Soviet Union set up nuclear missiles aimed at the United States.
The Cuban missile crisis ended when
A)the United States invaded Cuba and overthrew Batista.
B)the Soviets agreed to withdraw their missiles in exchange for Kennedy's pledge not to invade Cuba and his agreement to withdraw U.S. missiles from Turkey.
C)Khrushchev agreed to end the blockade of Berlin.
D)the United States threatened to impose a strict embargo on all Cuban exports.
E)None of these answers is correct.
Traditions & Encounters, 5e
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