Traditions and Encounters, AP Edition (Bentley), 5th Edition

Chapter 27: The Islamic Empires

Multiple Choice Quiz

In their rise to power, the Ottomans were aided by the ghazi, who were
A)Mongol mercenaries.
B)Christian captives raised to fight for them.
C)Muslim religious warriors.
D)Anatolian peasants, eager to escape heavy taxes of the Byzantine empire.
E)All these answers are correct.
The Ottoman military made use of
A)gunpowder weapons.
B)siege warfare.
C)specially trained Janissary forces.
D)armored cavalry.
E)All these answers are correct.
Which of the following places did NOT come under the control of the Muslim Ottomans?
D)the Iranian plateau
The Janissaries were
A)slave women who lived in the sultan's harem.
B)Christian boys taken from conquered territories and raised as special forces.
C)regional administrators, who were granted autonomy in exchange for loyalty and support.
D)armored light cavalry.
E)eunuchs in service to the sultan.
Süleyman the Magnificent
A)captured Belgrade and laid siege to the city of Vienna.
B)conquered Russia.
C)brought the entire Arabian peninsula under Ottoman rule.
D)invaded the island of Sicily.
E)All these answers are correct.
In his Turkish Letters, the Hungarian diplomat Ghislain de Busbecq expresses concerns that
A)the Ottoman Turks are technologically superior to Europeans.
B)Ottoman troops are numerically superior to European forces.
C)Ottoman forces are hardier and more disciplined than European forces.
D)Ottoman forces are better fed than European forces.
E)All these answers are correct.
The Safavid empire began with the reign of Shah Ismail, who claimed legitimacy to the throne by
A)killing off competitors from the Mughal royal families.
B)seizing the Peacock Throne.
C)tracing his ancestry back to a Sufi religious leader.
D)marrying the daughter of Süleyman the Magnificent.
E)tracing his ancestry back to Tamerlane.
Twelver Shiism was a Muslim sect that claimed that
A)Ismail was the "hidden" imam or even a reincarnation of Allah.
B)Shah Ismail was a direct descendent of the Prophet Muhammad.
C)all ghazi are true spokesmen of Allah.
D)the Safavid were the lost tribe of Israel.
E)the qizilbash, or "red heads," should be purged from the country.
At the battle of Chaldiran in 1514,
A)the Safavid qizilbash defeated the Ottoman Janissary forces.
B)the Sunni Ottomans defeated the Shiite Safavids.
C)an alliance of Safavids and Ottomans defeated European crusaders.
D)European forces turned back the Ottoman advance into central Europe.
E)None of these answers is correct.
Shah Abbas revitalized the Safavid regime by all of the following means EXCEPT
A)increasing the use of gunpowder weapons.
B)making land grants to qizilbash officers.
C)expelling the Portuguese from Hormuz.
D)forging alliances with the Ottomans against Europeans.
E)promoting trade with other lands.
The Mughal leader Babur originally invaded northern India in order to
A)create a Shiite Muslim state.
B)finance his military campaigns in central Asia.
C)control the trade routes into southeast Asia.
D)defeat his longstanding enemy, the sultan of Delhi.
E)All these answers are correct.
The reforms of Akbar included all the following EXCEPT
A)religious toleration for Hindus.
B)a syncretic religion, called "divine faith," which stressed loyalty to the emperor.
C)a centralized administrative structure with ministers appointed to regional provinces.
D)education and basic rights for Indian women.
E)the conquest of Gujarat and Bengal.
The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb
A)replaced many Hindu temples with mosques.
B)required all nonbelievers to pay a special tax.
C)extended Mughal authority into southern India.
D)faced many rebellions and religious conflicts.
E)All these answers are correct.
Politically, all three of the Islamic states began as
A)oligarchies, dominated by the merchant class.
B)constitutional monarchies.
C)military states.
D)feudal aristocracies.
E)tribal councils.
Foreign trade took hold primarily in
A)the Ottoman and Mughal empires.
B)the Mughal and Safavid empires.
C)the Safavid and Ottoman empires.
D)all three empires.
E)None of these answers is correct.
One persistent challenge within all three empires was
A)maintaining the loyalty of the military.
B)maintaining control over a vast slave population.
C)communication between the central and provincial administrations.
D)achieving a peaceful succession after the death of the emperor.
E)All these answers are correct.
Major trade commodities sought by European merchants from the Islamic empires included
A)coffee and tobacco.
B)sugar and rum.
C)silks, carpets, and other crafts.
D)wheat, rice, and other food staples.
Which of the following is NOT an example of religious toleration under Muslim rule?
A)the millet communities in the Ottoman empire
B)the jizya tax imposed by Aurangzeb
C)the Jesuit mission at the court of Goa
D)the syncretic "divine faith" of Akbar
E)Christian monasteries permitted at Isfahan
A major reason for the decline in the Islamic empires was
A)the refusal to accept new ideas and technologies from the West.
B)an abandonment of religious toleration as a state policy.
C)the decline in military leadership.
D)the rigidity of the religious leaders.
E)All these answers are correct.
The Muslim resistance to new ideas and technologies by the eighteenth century is illustrated by the
A)Ottoman ban on the printing press.
B)purchase of outmoded weapons from Europe.
C)banning of "impious" telescopes.
D)reluctance of Muslims to travel abroad.
E)All these answers are correct.
Traditions & Encounters, 5e
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