Traditions and Encounters, AP Edition (Bentley), 5th Edition

Chapter 25: Africa and the Atlantic World

Multiple Choice Quiz

Sunni Ali's administration of the Songhay was strengthened by
A)a system of provincial governors.
B)an effective chain of military command.
C)an imperial navy to patrol the Niger River.
D)the profitable trans-Saharan traffic.
E)All these answers are correct.
Which of the following was NOT conquered or defeated by the Portuguese?
Although relations between Portugal and the Kongo were initially friendly, the Kongo was ultimately destroyed because
A)the royal family resisted the efforts of Catholic missionaries.
B)the Kongo had no trade goods of any value to the Europeans.
C)King Afonso converted to Islam.
D)Portuguese slave traders undermined the authority of the kings.
E)All these answers are correct.
Queen Nzinga resisted the Portuguese conquest of Angola
A)through a marriage to Dutch aristocracy.
B)by mobilizing military resistance to the Portuguese.
C)by entering into a trading alliance with Portugal.
D)by forging a military alliance with neighboring Kongo.
E)None of these answers is correct.
The indigenous religions of sub-Saharan Africa were essentially
A)polytheistic, recognizing numerous local gods as well as a single creator god.
B)monotheistic, worshiping a supreme creator.
C)messianic, worshipping a personal savior.
D)universal, affirming that all religions are essentially the same.
E)syncretic, taking the best from a variety of religions.
One example of a syncretic cult combining elements of Christianity and African beliefs is
A)the Antonian movement.
B)the Coptic church.
C)the Fulani movement.
D)King Afonso.
E)All these answers are correct.
One significant difference between the Portuguese settlement of Angola and the Dutch settlement of Cape Town was that
A)the Dutch had better relations with the local Africans.
B)the Portuguese had better relations with the local Africans.
C)the Portuguese came to Angola as traders, while in south Africa the Dutch settled on the land as farmers.
D)the Portuguese sent farmers to Angola, while the Dutch came to south Africa primarily as merchants and traders.
E)the Khoikhoi resisted Dutch colonization, while the people of Angola accepted Portuguese rule without resistance.
In spite of the ravages of the slave trade, the population of Africa actually increased in the eighteenth century due to
A)European settlement of Africa.
B)resettlement of Asian workers in parts of Africa.
C)the introduction of new staple foods from the Americas.
D)improved health and life expectancy.
E)the cessation of intertribal warfare in Africa.
Which of the following was a factor in the decline of slavery?
A)the antislavery movement
B)the frequency of slave revolts
C)the declining profitability of slaves
D)the realization that wage labor in factories was cheaper that slave labor on plantations
E)All these answers are correct.
All of the following are characteristics of slavery in Africa EXCEPT that
A)slaves in Africa had opportunities to earn their freedom.
B)slaves in Africa were the primary source of wealth and power.
C)slaves in Africa were frequently assimilated into their owners' kinship groups.
D)slaves in Africa had certain civil rights and could appeal to the law for justice.
E)occasionally slaves worked as soldiers or as advisors.
The Portuguese slave trade began in the mid-fifteenth century with Portuguese raiders capturing African men and selling them in Europe. How had this trade changed by the mid-sixteenth century?
A)Portuguese raiders captured slaves and sold them in the Americas.
B)Portuguese raiders captured slaves and sold them to British merchants.
C)The Portuguese no longer participated in the slave trade.
D)Portuguese merchants bought slaves from African raiders and sold them to Europe and the Americas.
E)The Portuguese bought slaves from Dutch raiders and sold them in the Americas.
Which of the following could NOT be a leg of the triangular trans-Atlantic trade?
A)African slaves delivered to the Americas.
B)Barbados rum sold to England.
C)Mexican silver delivered to Manila.
D)manufactured goods sold to Africans.
E)Barbados rum sold to North America.
African slaves were in demand for the New World because
A)so many native Americans died from imported diseases.
B)native peoples frequently escaped into the hinterlands.
C)sugar plantations in the Caribbean required considerable labor.
D)Spanish and Portuguese conquerors disdained manual labor.
E)All these answers are correct.
The "middle passage" of the slave trade was the
A)forced march of slaves through central Africa from their homelands.
B)holding pens where African captives were held before sale to plantation owners.
C)ship voyage across the Atlantic in the cargo decks.
D)public auction of slaves in the Caribbean.
E)None of these answers is correct.
Olaudah Equiano's experience contributed to the abolishment of slavery because he
A)served as a legal representative for slaves in the United States.
B)established the underground railroad.
C)returned to Africa as a Christian missionary.
D)exposed the horrors of slavery, particularly the middle passage, to a European audience.
E)All these answers are correct.
Slavery's impact on Africa
A)fell most heavily on the societies of west Africa.
B)was limited to the eastern shores of Africa.
C)was felt on the entire continent.
D)was barely noticeable by the end of the eighteenth century due to demographic growth.
E)was offset by the advances that came with European trade.
Most African slaves went to
A)the tropical and subtropical plantations of the Americas.
B)tobacco plantations on Chesapeake Bay.
C)rice and sugar plantations in the southern United States.
D)the silver mines of Mexico and Peru.
E)work as domestic servants in upper-class homes throughout the New World.
On the plantations of the Caribbean and Brazil, slaves
A)thrived because climate and diet were similar to that of Africa.
B)suffered heavy losses due to tropical diseases and brutal conditions.
C)quickly intermarried with the indigenous populations.
D)formed families and re-created kinship ties similar to those in Africa.
E)None of these answers is correct.
Maroons were
A)slaves who had intermarried with Indians.
B)the descendents of slaves and white slave-owners.
C)the revolutionary force that led the Haitian rebellion.
D)slaves who ran away and formed their own communities in remote areas.
E)slaves who collaborated with their owners and gained power within the plantation system.
African culture in the Americas included all of the following EXCEPT
A)distinctive language and dialect.
B)syncretic African-American religions.
C)traditional kinship ties.
D)distinctive foods and cuisine.
E)distinctive handicrafts.
Traditions & Encounters, 5e
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