Traditions and Encounters, AP Edition (Bentley), 5th Edition

Chapter 21: Reaching Out: Expanding Horizons of Cross-Cultural Interaction

Multiple Choice Quiz

Ibn Battuta was able to travel extensively across Asia and Africa in the early fourteenth century because
A)he was welcomed as an Islamic judge in many Muslim kingdoms.
B)new maritime technology made long-distance travel more common.
C)he was able to take advantage of existing trade routes.
D)the Mongol kingdoms provided safe passage for merchants and travelers.
E)All these answers are correct.
Which of the following was NOT a well-traveled trade route in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries?
A)from Morocco across the Sahara desert to Mali.
B)from Arabia down the east coast of Africa.
C)from Portugal down the west coast of Africa.
D)from India across the Indian Ocean to southeast Asia.
E)from China overland to Constantinople.
The primary significance of Marco Polo's travels is the fact that
A)he was the first European to live and work in China.
B)he opened European markets to Chinese merchants.
C)he introduced Chinese technologies to Europe.
D)his adventures inspired European readers to seek profit and adventure abroad.
E)All these answers are correct.
Which of the following was NOT a serious diplomatic mission of the thirteenth century?
A)The Persian khan proposed an alliance with European powers against Muslims in Jerusalem.
B)The pope invited the Mongol khans to convert to Christianity.
C)The sultan of India proposed an alliance with the Byzantine empire against the Mongols.
D)An envoy of the khans declared that European Christians should submit to Mongol rule or face destruction.
E)All these answers are correct.
Efforts to forge an alliance between the Mongols and the powers of Europe ended when
A)the Mongols converted to Islam.
B)Rabban Sauma was denied access to the pope.
C)Christian crusaders attacked Muslims at Jerusalem.
D)the Mongols invaded Russia.
E)Marco Polo's memoirs revealed a Mongol plan to invade Europe.
On his visit to Mali, Ibn Battuta expressed disapproval at the
A)tolerance of paganism by the emperor of Mali.
B)immodesty of African Muslim women.
C)corruption of the local courts.
D)failure to observe Muslim rituals, such as prayer and fasting.
E)All these answers are correct.
One of the most significant impacts of sugarcane production on global economies was
A)widespread deterioration in diet and nutrition.
B)increased demand for slave labor.
C)increased demand for tea and coffee.
D)increased demand for other luxury goods, such as porcelain.
E)All these answers are correct.
The first military use of gunpowder was mainly for
A)psychological terror: making unexpected loud noises.
B)fireworks displays to celebrate a victory.
C)unmanned torpedoes against enemy vessels.
D)bombs lobbed by catapults into cities under siege.
E)large mounted cannons on merchant ships.
The bubonic plague started in
A)western Europe.
B)southwest China.
C)Mediterranean seaports.
D)central Asia.
E)southwest Asia.
One region relatively unaffected by the plague was
A)western Europe.
B)north Africa.
E)the Byzantine empire.
Mongol rule in China was ended in a rebellion led by a
A)destitute orphan.
B)Confucian scholar.
C)Buddhist monk.
D)eunuch in service to the Yuan dynasty.
E)brilliant naval commander.
Under Hongwu, the Ming dynasty was established as a
A)feudal state dominated by local warlords.
B)military state with a puppet emperor.
C)constitutional monarchy.
D)decentralized empire with considerable autonomy for local authorities.
E)highly centralized, autocratic state.
Chinese economic recovery in the Ming dynasty was aided by all of the following EXCEPT
A)increased agricultural productivity.
B)increased production of porcelain, silk, and other luxury goods.
C)active state support of foreign trade.
D)the involvement of Chinese merchants in foreign trade.
E)restoration of irrigation systems.
In the fifteenth century, the nation-states of western Europe were strengthened by
A)a long period of peace among the nations of Europe.
B)direct taxes and standing armies.
C)increasing reliance on knights as a military force.
D)the ideals of Renaissance humanism.
E)All these answers are correct.
In Spain, the process of state building was accelerated by
A)Columbus's quest for a western route to China.
B)the reconquest of Granada from the French.
C)an alliance with the Islamic states of northern Africa.
D)the marriage of Fernando of Aragon and Isabel of Castile.
E)All these answers are correct.
The European Renaissance is characterized by all of the following EXCEPT
A)a revival of classical learning.
B)domed cathedrals.
C)naturalistic painting and sculpture.
D)a repudiation of Christian values.
E)translations of the New Testament.
A Renaissance humanist is one who
A)sought to reconcile Christian values with public life.
B)considered Christianity to be an outmoded superstition.
C)held that personal glory was the only true value.
D)withdrew from the world to study ancient texts.
E)rejected the past and embraced all that was new.
Which of the following was the primary goal of Zheng He's expeditions?
A)to eliminate foreign trade with China
B)to establish Chinese trading cities on the Indian Ocean
C)to impress foreign people with the power and might of the Ming dynasty
D)to establish diplomatic relations with the Muslim states trading on the Indian Ocean
E)to offer military protection and support to Chinese merchants in the Indian Ocean
Chinese naval expeditions were abruptly ended in 1433 because
A)Zheng He was suspected of building his personal power.
B)maintaining the fleet was considered a needless waste of national resources.
C)the voyages had led to several humiliating defeats.
D)the large Chinese vessels proved to be unseaworthy.
E)All these answers are correct.
Portugal led Europe in maritime exploration for all the following reasons EXCEPT
A)they had long years of experience fishing in the Atlantic.
B)they took an early lead in the African slave trade.
C)Prince Henry hoped to convert the peoples of Africa to Christianity.
D)they discovered and colonized a number of Atlantic islands early in the fourteenth century.
E)they had more people and a more advanced economy than the other states of Europe.
Traditions & Encounters, 5e
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