Traditions and Encounters, AP Edition (Bentley), 5th Edition

Chapter 18: States and Societies of Sub-Saharan Africa

Learning Objectives

When you have finished studying this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
  • Explain the connections between agriculture and population growth in postclassical sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Identify key features of postclassical African political organization.
  • Explain the links between trans-Saharan trade and the formation of west African Islamic states.
  • Explain the role of east African Islamic states in Indian Ocean trade.
  • Outline the formation of social classes in postclassical Africa.
  • Identify key features of postclassical African religion.
  • Discuss the arrival of Christianity and Islam in sub-Saharan Africa.
Traditions & Encounters, 5e
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