Traditions and Encounters, AP Edition (Bentley), 5th Edition

Chapter 14: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

Multiple Choice Quiz

Xuanzang became a well-known monk of the Tang dynasty because
A)he was the only Chinese individual who made the pilgrimage to Mecca.
B)his travels and study in India helped to popularize Buddhism in China.
C)he was persecuted by the emperor for his violation of the ban on traveling abroad.
D)he helped to develop neo-Confucianism.
E)None of these answers is correct.
Which of the following does NOT describe the Sui dynasty?
A)It reunified China and launched military campaigns in central Asia and Korea.
B)It imposed high taxes and compulsory labor services for construction of the Grand Canal.
C)It brought about great prosperity in China and long-lived imperial rule.
D)It only lasted a short period of time.
E)The last emperor was assassinated, bringing the dynasty to an end.
The Tang maintained an efficient communication network, which can be seen by the fact that
A)the Tang court could communicate with the most distant cities of the empire in about three months.
B)emperors at Chang'an could have fresh seafood delivered from Ningbo, a city 620 miles away.
C)the Grand Canal was initiated under Tang rule.
D)they utilized camels and caravans almost exclusively.
E)All these answers are correct.
Under the equal-field system, the Tang government
A)allotted land according to the land's fertility and the recipients' needs.
B)eliminated the possibility of concentrated landholdings among the wealthy.
C)was able to levy heavy taxes on the recipients.
D)forbade Buddhist monasteries from controlling land.
E)All these answers are correct.
The Tang government was run primarily by
A)hereditary aristocratic families.
B)royal kinsmen and relatives.
C)descendents of the Sui.
D)bureaucrats of intellectual merit.
E)samurai warriors.
"There was always something of a fictional quality to the [tributary] system." By this statement the authors mean that
A)envoys from subordinate lands were not sincere in performing the ritual kowtow to Chinese emperors.
B)Chinese authorities had little real influence in the supposedly subordinate lands.
C)Chinese courts also gave lavish gifts to foreign envoys.
D)the Chinese did not actually receive any tribute from these lands.
E)None of these answers is correct.
One cause for Tang decline during the mid-eighth century was that
A)the emperor neglected public affairs in favor of music and mistresses.
B)military campaigns in central Asia, Korea, and Vietnam drained Tang finances.
C)the central government abolished the equal-field system.
D)the Mongols continued to invade.
E)All these answers are correct.
Compared with the Tang dynasty, the Song dynasty was
B)less centralized.
C)equal in size.
D)less militarized.
E)All these answers are correct.
The Song government moved from north to south in the early twelfth century because of the invasion of the
Fast-ripening rice
A)was introduced to China from Vietnam.
B)enabled cultivators to harvest two times a year.
C)increased food supply and supported a large population.
D)adapted well to southern Chinese soil.
E)All these answers are correct.
The practice of foot binding
A)was adopted as a way to venerate family ancestors.
B)discouraged peasant women from working in the fields.
C)became universal in China by the end of the Song.
D)placed women of the privileged classes under male supervision.
E)None of these answers is correct.
Which of the following was NOT a major technological innovation of Tang and Song China?
B)the magnetic compass
C)movable type printing
D)paper making
E)fine porcelain
"Flying cash" in the early Tang dynasty meant
A)paper money printed by the government as a substitute for heavy copper currency.
B)letters of credit used by merchants.
C)that money changed hands so quickly it seemed as though it could fly.
D)runaway inflation.
E)None of these answers is correct.
During Tang times, several foreign religions came to China. The foreign faiths that did NOT arrive in China included
A)Nestorian Christianity and Manichaeism.
B)Hinduism and Jainism.
C)Zoroastrianism and Islam.
D)Buddhism and Zoroastrianism.
E)None of these answers is correct, because all of these religions did come to China in this period.
In order for Buddhism to be accepted in China, Chinese Buddhists
A)changed the Buddha and the boddhisatvas into Daoist deities.
B)accommodated Buddhism to Chinese values such as filial piety.
C)paid high taxes from their monasteries to the Chinese government.
D)persecuted believers in Daoism and Confucianism.
E)All these answers are correct.
The poet of the Tang who wrote of the social life in cities was
A)Zhu Xi.
C)Song Taizu.
D)Li Bo.
E)Du Fu.
Despite cultural borrowing and imitation, Korea was still different from China in that
A)aristocrats dominated Korean society, while bureaucrats dominated Chinese life.
B)Koreans accepted neo-Confucianism but rejected Buddhism.
C)the Silla capital at Kumsong did not resemble the Chinese capital at Chang'an.
D)the Koreans were not nearly as scholarly as the Chinese.
E)All these answers are correct.
Which of the following is true of Vietnam during Tang and Song times?
A)Many Vietnamese retained their indigenous traditions in preference to Chinese cultural traditions.
B)Vietnamese authorities established an administrative system and bureaucracy modeled on that of China.
C)Vietnamese women had more freedoms than their Chinese counterparts did.
D)The Vietnamese won their independence from China with the fall of the Tang.
E)All these answers are correct.
The earliest phases of Japanese history included
A)the Kamakura and Muromachi periods.
B)the Nara and Heian periods.
C)the Taira and Minamoto periods.
D)the age of the samurai.
E)the medieval period.
In medieval Japan, professional warriors were called
E)None of these answers is correct.
Traditions & Encounters, 5e
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