Traditions and Encounters, AP Edition (Bentley), 5th Edition

Chapter 12: Cross-Cultural Exchanges on the Silk Roads

Multiple Choice Quiz

In 139 B.C.E., the Chinese emperor dispatched Zhang Qian to central Asia to
A)open the silk roads.
B)seek allies against the Xiongnu.
C)buy large and strong horses.
D)spy on his enemies.
E)None of these answers is correct.
Which of the following was a favorable condition for developing long-distance trade during the classical era?
A)Empires ruled vast areas and maintained good social order.
B)Under imperial rule many roads and bridges were constructed.
C)Central Asia was pacified by the campaigns of Han Wudi.
D)The Ptolemies figured out the monsoon system.
E)All these answers are correct.
The monsoon winds in the Indian Ocean
A)created tremendous difficulty for traders.
B)blow regularly from the north in the summer.
C)were actually first discovered by the Romans.
D)tied southeast Asia, India, Arabia, and east Africa together in a maritime trade route.
E)All these answers are correct.
Which of the following is NOT true with regard to the silk roads?
A)The silk roads actually had nothing to do with silk.
B)Because of the silk roads, silk garments became popular among wealthy Romans.
C)The silk roads linked much of Eurasia and north Africa.
D)The silk roads also included sea lanes.
E)The silk roads also carried fine spices.
Which of the following would NOT have been on a ship carrying goods in the classical era?
A)pepper and cotton from India
B)silk from Bactria
C)olive oil and wine from Rome
D)spices from Southeast Asia
E)slaves from Africa
The principal agent(s) for the spread of Buddhism over the silk roads was/were
A)the Buddha himself.
C)Indian monks.
D)missionaries of the emperor Ashoka.
Which of the following is true with regard to the Indian influence in southeast Asia?
A)Rulers called themselves rajas ("kings").
B)Rulers adopted Indian Sanskrit as their written language.
C)Rulers appointed Buddhist or Hindu advisors in their governments.
D)Rulers built temples in the Indian style.
E)All these answers are correct.
By the third century C.E., Christian communities in Mesopotamia and Iran deeply influenced Christian practices in the Roman empire through their
A)Nestorian beliefs.
B)Confucian traditions.
C)ascetic values.
D)philosophy reflected by St. Augustine.
E)All these answers are correct.
Mani, the founder of Manichaeism, promoted a syncretic blend of
A)Christianity, Buddhism, and Hinduism.
B)Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Buddhism.
C)Nestorianism, Daoism, and Buddhism.
D)Hinduism, Daoism, and Confucianism.
E)Confucianism, Christianity, and Judaism.
Manichaeism promoted
A)a highly ascetic lifestyle.
B)a belief in the struggle between the forces of good and evil.
C)the possibility of individual salvation.
D)a strict moral code of behavior.
E)All these answers are correct.
With regard to epidemic diseases on the silk roads, which of the following is NOT true?
A)The most devastating diseases were smallpox, measles, and bubonic plague.
B)The diseases seriously weakened the Han and Roman empires.
C)The diseases caused the greatest population loss in India.
D)The largest outbreaks occurred in the second and third centuries C.E.
E)A Roman emperor died during one of the epidemics.
Immediately after the dissolution of the Han empire in 220 C.E., China
A)was taken over by nomadic peoples.
B)became increasingly powerful in trade.
C)fell under the domination of the Sui dynasty.
D)changed its policy on land distribution.
E)None of these answers is correct.
Which of the following did NOT contribute to the popularity of Buddhism in post-Han China?
A)The threats of epidemic diseases turned the Chinese to Buddhism for personal salvation.
B)After the collapse of the Han dynasty, Confucianism lost its dominant position.
C)The nomadic peoples who migrated into north China brought their Buddhist faith to the Chinese.
D)Missionary efforts by Buddhists attracted many native Chinese followers.
E)Buddhism was familiar because many foreign merchants practiced it.
By dividing the Roman empire into two administrative districts, Emperor Diocletian attempted to
A)establish more effective control of the empire.
B)share imperial power with the "barracks emperors."
C)give up the east half of the empire to Christians.
D)make up for his lack of skill as an administrator.
E)None of these answers is correct.
Which of the following is NOT true with regard to the Visigoths before they invaded the Roman empire?
A)They adopted Roman law.
B)They adopted official Roman language and social customs.
C)They contributed large numbers of soldiers to the Roman armies.
D)They were driven further west by the Huns.
E)They converted to Christianity.
The invading Huns contributed to the fall of the western Roman empire by
A)deposing the last emperor of the western Roman empire.
B)sacking the city of Rome in 410 C.E.
C)pressing the Germanic peoples into the western Roman empire.
D)completely disrupting trade along the silk roads.
E)attacking Constantinople.
The emperor who allowed Christians to practice their faith openly for the first time in the Roman empire was
C)St. Augustine.
E)None of these answers is correct.
Which of the following is true of the early hierarchy of the Christian church?
A)Bishops presided over the religious affairs of dioceses.
B)The bishop of Rome became known as the pope.
C)There were five top religious authorities in the Roman empire.
D)The church authorities met in councils to resolve theological disputes.
E)All these answers are correct.
St. Cyprian's view of the epidemic of 251 C.E. was that
A)it would cause the downfall of the Roman empire.
B)Christians would be protected from the ravages of the disease.
C)the Jews were responsible for bringing the disease.
D)it was a welcome event for servants of God.
E)None of these answers is correct.
What happened to the silk roads after the decline of the Han and Roman empires?
A)They no longer carried epidemic diseases.
B)Activity actually increased along the silk roads.
C)There was less activity, but trade revived along the routes in the sixth century C.E.
D)The routes were changed to cross easier terrain.
E)None of these answers is correct.
Traditions & Encounters, 5e
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