The American Journey © 2007

Chapter 10: Growth and Expansion

Student Web Activity

"Democratic Movements in the Americas"

In this chapter you have read about the growth and changes taking place in early America. Change was also coming to other countries of the Western Hemisphere. Simón Bolívar, José de San Martín, and Miguel Hidalgo are only a few of the people who fought for the independence of their countries. Each year on September 16, Mexicans still shout the Grito de Dolores and remember one of their leaders, Miguel Hidalgo, and his courageous actions in their fight for freedom.

Destination Title: Mexico Online

Note: Clicking on the link above will launch a new browser window.
Need help using your browser for this activity? Click here for tips.

Start at the Mexico Online Web site.

  • Click on History in the menu on the left of the screen.
  • Under General History, click on and read about Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla.

After you have read the article answer the following questions.

Who was Miguel Hidalgo? Who were gachopines and criollos?
What event in Europe provided a good opportunity for Mexicans to assert their independence?
What group did Hidalgo call on to help in the fight for Mexican independence?
What did Hidalgo later regret?
Imagine that you are Miguel Hidalgo on the night before he was to be executed for his part in the revolution. Write a letter to a friend describing how you feel about your actions and their consequences.
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