U. S. Government: Democracy In Action

Chapter 3: The Constitution

The Constitution

In the Preamble, or introduction to the Constitution, the Founders explained __________
A)who qualifies for the office of president.
B)how to amend the Constitution.
C)why the Constitution was written.
D)what powers Congress has.
The case of Marbury v. Madison set the precedent for the Supreme Court to __________
A)change its views on a case.
B)rule on acts of Congress.
C)propose changes to the Constitution.
D)establish lesser courts.
Congress received the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out its powers from __________
A)the ruling in McCulloch v. Maryland.
B)Article II.
C)Article I, Section 7.
D)the elastic clause.
Under the "wild card" of presidential powers, the president may __________
A)take emergency actions to save the nation.
B)make treaties with the advice and consent of the Senate.
C)call Congress into special session.
D)pardon people convicted of federal crimes.
One way to ratify an amendment is for __________
A)a majority of Americans to vote for the amendment.
B)people in each state to elect delegates who pledge to reject it.
C)Congress to call a convention at the request of three-fourths of the states.
D)legislatures in three-fourths of the states to approve the amendment.
A good example of a custom that has informally enlarged the Constitution is the use of __________
A)additional federal courts.
B)political parties.
C)ratifying conventions.
D)the Twenty-fifth Amendment.
The Fifth Amendment states that the government may not deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, which means that government __________
A)must follow constitutional procedures in actions against individuals.
B)must pay a fair price for private property and use it for the publics benefit.
C)must find independent evidence of the person's involvement in a crime.
D)may try a person who is found innocent of a crime twice for the same offense.
The Constitution is based on the principle of popular sovereignty, which means that __________
A)each branch of government exercises some control over the others.
B)power is divided between national and state governments.
C)the people are the source of government power.
D)the president is the supreme head of government.
The constitutional principle that divides power between the central and state governments is called __________
A)checks and balances.
C)judicial review.
D)separation of powers.
The Founders left the details of how our government would function __________
A)in the book The Spirit of Laws.
B)in the first 10 amendments.
C)in the articles of the Constitution.
D)to future generations.
US Government: Democracy In Action
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