American History: A Survey (Brinkley), 13th Edition


Multiple Choice Quiz

Thomas Jefferson and his supporters succeeded in
A)fulfilling their ideal of a simple agrarian society in the United States.
B)creating a program for universal education.
C)reducing the role of religion in American life.
D)doubling the size of the United States.
E)purchasing Louisiana from Spain.
In the Republican vision of America, education was essential because
A)schools were the best place to teach children to be good party members.
B)an ignorant electorate could not be trusted to preserve democracy.
C)business leaders needed to be educated.
D)schools were where religious values were taught.
E)women needed to be literate.
Medical practitioners in the United States
A)generally learned by working with an established practitioner.
B)generally learned through the study of anatomy on diseased cadavers.
C)generally opposed the techniques of bleeding and purging.
D)opposed the establishment of medical schools.
E)restricted the traditional roles of women in the field during the years after the Revolution.
The drive to create a national culture included all of the following EXCEPT
A)an Americanized system of spelling.
B)the creation of American schoolbooks.
C)the creation of a national style of music.
D)the creation of a national literature.
E)the establishment of a public school system.
Early in the nineteenth century, religious traditionalists were alarmed over
A)a decline in religious education.
B)the popularity of immoral literature.
C)demands of separate church and state.
D)the rise of "rational" religious doctrines.
E)a wave of fundamentalist evangelical revivalism.
The Second Great Awakening
A)combined a more active piety with a belief in a God whose grace could be attained through faith and good works.
B)turned back the doctrine of predestination.
C)drew many converts to Unitarianism and Universalism.
D)had no impact on women and slaves.
E)brought about the decline of the Methodists.
The work of Eli Whitney
A)improved transportation in the South.
B)spurred the industrial revolution in the American South.
C)made the South a major textile-producing region.
D)led to the decline of slavery, for fewer workers were needed to process cotton.
E)led to the expansion of the cotton culture and slavery.
Horse racing in America
A)was one of many leisure activities enjoyed during the Jeffersonian era.
B)was primarily a southern pastime.
C)was constrained by issues of race and class.
D)was primarily an activity for slaves.
E)was opposed by religious leaders.
Washington, D.C.
A)quickly developed as a major metropolis.
B)had a climate favorable for relieving the anxieties of government leaders.
C)received significant federal funds to aid in its development.
D)remained little more than a village throughout the nineteenth century.
E)was established by constitutional amendment.
During his administration, Thomas Jefferson
A)used the Alien and Sedition Acts against the Federalists.
B)cut the national debt almost in half.
C)showed little interest in westward expansion.
D)made peace with Aaron Burr.
E)doubled the national debt by purchasing Louisiana.
In the case of Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court
A)denied Adams's right to make "midnight judicial appointments."
B)upheld Adams's right to make "midnight appointments."
C)confirmed the power of Congress to expand judicial authority.
D)ordered Madison to deliver Marbury's commission.
E)affirmed its power to nullify an act of Congress.
The greatest accomplishment of Chief Justice John Marshall was that he
A)stopped the growth of Republican power.
B)prevented a Federalist revival in New England.
C)refused to expand the power of the judiciary.
D)made the judiciary a coequal branch of government.
E)prevented New England from seceding.
Jefferson had reservations about buying Louisiana because
A)he doubted his constitutional power to do so.
B)he feared it would upset western Indian tribes.
C)New Orleans had few Americans living there.
D)the Spanish claimed the territory as theirs.
E)because he feared it would lead to a war with Spain.
Federalists were upset by the Louisiana Purchase because they believed
A)it was unconstitutional.
B)more slave states would come into the Union.
C)western states would be Republican states.
D)the British were behind it.
E)New Orleans would eclipse New York and Boston as commercial centers.
The Essex Junto was
A)a Federalist organization created to support Jefferson.
B)the anti-Burr coalition in New York.
C)a literary club in New England.
D)a group of radical Federalists who wanted to take New England out of the Union.
E)a British plot to entice New England to rejoin the empire.
The apparent goal of the "Burr conspiracy" was to
A)make Burr "king" of the American Southwest.
B)invade Mexico and take it from the Spanish.
C)return Louisiana to France.
D)force Jefferson to accept Burr back into the Republican Party.
E)E. assassinate Hamilton.
Early in the nineteenth century, the American merchant marine could be described as
A)weak and ineffective.
B)one of the most important in the world.
C)unable to compete with Britain in the West Indian trade.
D)of little consequence in the American economy.
E)composed mostly of privateers.
Jefferson refused to ask for war after the Chesapeake-Leonard incident because he
A)believed "peaceable coercion" would work.
B)felt the British were within their rights.
C)did not want the Federalists to make it an issue.
D)was against war in general.
E)was afraid America would lose a war with Britain.
The Embargo act hurt which of the following most?
C)New England
D)the South
Jefferson told the Indians of the Northwest they could
A)convert themselves to farmers.
B)move to the West.
C)continue to live as they always had.
D)convert themselves to farmers or move to the West.
E)None of these answers is correct.
The Prophet, Tenskwatawa, was significant because he
A)brought Indians to the Christian faith.
B)was Tecumseh's brother.
C)advocated a religious war with southern tribes.
D)convinced the Indians to accept Jefferson's policies.
E)inspired an Indian religious revival that helped unite the tribes.
Tecumseh was important because he:
A)advocated Indian unity to stop white expansion.
B)allied the northwestern Indians with the British in Canada.
C)was able to defeat the Americans at Tippecanoe.
D)helped his brother, the Prophet, in his religious work.
E)became a British army general.
The congressional elections of 1810 were important because they
A)added a number of young, western, anti-British representatives to the House.
B)greatly increased the Republican Party.
C)brought in a number of peace advocates.
D)gave rise to a new political party.
E)revitalized the Federalists.
Apart from the British, the real losers in the War of 1812 were the
A)Spanish in Florida and Mexico.
C)Indian tribes in the Southwest and the Great Lakes region.
D)Republicans in the West.
E)the French on the European continent.
The Hartford Convention was held in an effort to
A)force Republicans to address the grievances New England Federalists had against the Madison administration.
B)forge an alliance between the Northeast and the West.
C)convince Republicans in New England that the region should secede from the union.
D)reorganize the Federalist Party and pick a candidate for the election of 1816.
E)respond to the need to establish a modern insurance industry.
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