The Science of Psychology: An Appreciative View, 1st Edition (King)

Chapter 14: Psychological Disorders

Applied Multiple Choice questions

Mireille began having brief episodes of overwhelming anxiety about a year ago. She doesn't know what causes them, but she has had them in the grocery store, at busy restaurants, and once while driving. Her heart pounds, she has difficulty breathing, and sometimes she feels like her body no longer belongs to her. She is afraid she will go crazy and embarrass herself in front of other people. Based on this information, Mireille may have
A)obsessive-compulsive disorder.
B)a somatoform disorder.
C)a dissociative disorder
D)a panic disorder.
Renee is a social worker in an urban community mental health center. She has just seen a new client who has depression, which she codes on
A)Axis I.
B)Axis II.
C)Axis III.
D)Axis IV.
Scott was tried for and convicted of murdering his wife. He showed little emotion during his trial. Though he was tearful in some interviews just after she disappeared, given his apparent lack of remorse the tears may have been an attempt to manipulate people into believing he was not involved. Scott demonstrates characteristics of someone with a personality disorder, which is coded on
A)Axis I.
B)Axis II.
C)Axis III.
D)Axis IV.
Thirty-year-old Armand feels compelled to save objects that others might throw away. He is afraid that he will discard something he later will need, so his home is filled with old newspapers, empty boxes, worn-out clothing, antiquated computer equipment, and even the seeds from the fruit and vegetables he has eaten. Armand's neighbors have complained to the homeowner's association because he has been forced to store some things outside his home. He is embarrassed by his need to hoard objects, but he is overcome by dread if he tries to throw things away. Based on this information, Armand may have
A)obsessive-compulsive disorder.
B)bipolar disorder.
C)learned helplessness.
In movies that focus on war (e.g., "Born on the Fourth of July," "Apocalypse Now," "First Blood"), soldiers who have returned from the frontlines often struggle with overwhelming anxiety, hypervigilance, depression, and flashbacks. In many cases, these characters abuse alcohol, are suicidal, and have a strained or angry relationship with spouses. These characters have
B)posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
D)dissociative identity disorder (DID).
Killian lets her husband keep all the financial records for the family, and she refuses to make any decisions on her own. She is so needy that if she encounters even a minor unexpected problem during her day, she calls him at work to ask his advice. This behavior cuts across all situations, causes problems in her relationships with other people, and seems to be Killian's only real approach to dealing with the world. Killian may have
A)a major depressive disorder.
B)bipolar disorder.
C)a conversion disorder.
D)a personality disorder.
Metal band Metallica's song "Fade to Black" includes lyrics like "No one but me can save myself, but it's too late/ Now I can't think, think why I should even try/Yesterday seems as though it never existed/Death greets me warm, now I will just say goodbye." This song was written during one of the band's lowest periods and appears to be about
Because Lia sees relationships as messy and undesirable, she has been a lifelong loner. Though she has a pet snake, she has no desire to marry or have lasting romantic relationships. She prefers to be by herself, and others tend to see her as cold, aloof, and unsociable, especially because she seems indifferent to criticism. If she has a personality disorder, it is MOST likely to fall into the
A)dramatic/impulsive cluster.
B)anxious/fearful cluster.
C)odd/eccentric cluster.
D)superstitious/psychotic cluster
Margie has a long-standing pattern of unstable and intense relationships and mood. She has a history of trauma and is sometimes inappropriately seductive. She abuses drugs, has threatened suicide several times, and cuts her arms with a razor blade when she feels particularly bad. She desperately tries to keep others from abandoning her, partly because she has a very unstable sense of self. If she has a personality disorder, it is MOST likely that she has
A)antisocial personality disorder.
B)borderline personality disorder.
C)schizoid personality disorder.
D)cynosure cluster.
Jillian can't bear to leave her home without washing all the linens and floors, vacuuming the carpets, and organizing everything in her cupboards. Because she knows that her behavior is extreme, she has tried to go to work without doing all these things, but she is overcome with such overwhelming dread that she never makes it all the way to the office. Jillian probably has
A)obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
B)generalized anxiety disorder.
C)a phobia.
D)panic disorder.
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