History of the Modern World, 10th Edition (Palmer)

Chapter 9: The French Revolution

Learning Objectives

Chapter 9 teaches students about:

How the old regime was replaced by modern society during the French Revolution.

The Three Estates of the old regime, and the thwarted ambitions of both peasants and urban dwellers in prerevolutionary France.

The tensions between the Third Estate, the nobility, and the king.

The founding and initial reforms of the National Assembly or Constituent Assembly, which favored the middle classes.

The formation of a revolutionary culture and the role of popular participation in the revolution.

The gradual involvement of other European powers in a war with France and the impact of war on the revolution.

The influence of various factions within the revolution, such as the Girondins, the sans-culottes, and others.

The National Convention, the execution of the king, and the commencement of the Terror.

The Committee on Public Safety, which operated as a joint dictatorship or war cabinet.

The relations of the revolutionary governments with the church and the process of dechristianization.

The first French Republic, the Directory, and the narrowness of its social base.

Napoleon Bonaparte’s spectacular rise to power.

Napoleon’s enlightened despotism and the restoration of order and peace at home and abroad.

The emergence of a modern state under Napoleon, which combined aspects of the revolution and the old regime.
A History of the Modern World Book Cover
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