History of the Modern World, 10th Edition (Palmer)

About the Authors

ROBERT R. PALMER was born in Chicago in 1909. After graduating from the University of Chicago he received his Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1934. From 1936 to 1963 he taught at Princeton University , taking leave during World War II to work on historical projects in Washington , D.C. In 1963 he moved to Washington University in St. Louis to serve as dean of arts and sciences but in 1969 resumed his career in teaching and research, this time at Yale. After his retirement in 1977 he lived in Princeton, where he was affiliated with the Institute for Advanced Study, and then in a retirement community in Newtown Pennsylvania. Of the numerous books he wrote, translated, and edited, three of the most important have been his Catholics and Unbelievers in Eighteenth –Century France (1939); Twelve Who Ruled: The Year of the Terror in the French Revolution (1941,1989); and his two-volume Age of the Democratic Revolution (1959,1964), the first volume of which won the Bancroft Prize. He served as president of the American Historical Association in 1970, received honorary degrees from universities in the United States and abroad and was awarded the Antonio Feltrinelli International Prize for History in Rome in 1990. He was a long-time fellow of the American Philosophical Society and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He died in 2002, widely recognized as one of the preeminent historians of his generation.

JOEL COLTON was born in New York City. He graduated from the City College of New York, served as a military officer in Europe in World War II, and in 1950 received his Ph.D. from Columbia University . From 1947 until his retirement in 1989 he served on the faculty of Duke University, chairing the department of history from 1967 to1974 and chairing the university's academic council from 1971 to 1973. On leave from Duke, he served from 1974 to 1981 with the Rockefeller Foundation in New York as director of its research and fellowship program in the humanities. In 1986 Duke voted him a Distinguished Teaching Award. He has received Guggenheim, Rockefeller Foundation, and National Endowment for the Humanities fellowships. He has served on the editorial boards of the Journal of Modern History, French Historical Studies and Historical Abstracts, and has been co-president of the International Commission on the History of Social Movements and Social Structures. In 1979 he was elected a fellow of the American Academy Arts and Sciences. His writings include Compulsory Labor Arbitration in France, 1936-1939 (1951); Léon Blum: Humanist in Politics (1966, 1987), for which he received a Mayflower Award; Twentieth Century (1968 ,1980), in the Time-Life Great Ages of Man Series; and numerous  contributions to journals, encyclopedias and collaborative volumes. He served as co-author with Professor Palmer of the second to eighth editions of A History of the Modern World and with Professor Kramer of the ninth and the current editions.

LLOYD KRAMER was born in Maryville, Tennessee , and graduated from Maryville College . He received his Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1983. Before entering Cornell, he was a teacher in Hong Kong, and he traveled widely in Asia. After completing his graduate studies, he taught at Stanford University and Northwestern University . Since 1986 he has been a member of the faculty at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, where he is currently Dean Smith Distinguished Term Professor and Chair of the History Department. He has received two awards for distinguished undergraduate teaching. His writings include Threshold of a New World: Intellectuals and the Exile Experience in Paris, 1830-1848 (1988); Lafayette in Two Worlds: Public Cultures and Personal Identities in an Age of Revolutions (1996), which won the Gilbert Chinard Prize from the Society for French Historical Studies and the Annibel Jenkins Biography Prize from the American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies; and Nationalism: Political Cultures in Europe and America (1998). He has also co-edited several books, including a collection of essays on historical education in America and A Companion to Western Historical Thought (2002). He has been a member of the School of Historical Studies at the Institute for Advanced Study and a Fellow at the National Humanities Center ; and he served as president of the Society for French Historical Studies.

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