Traditions and Encounters, AP Edition (Bentley), 5th Edition

Chapter 1: Before History

Multiple Choice Quiz

By scholarly convention, prehistory refers to the period
A)before the emergence of cities.
B)before modern humans were born.
C)before the invention of writing.
D)before Homo sapiens appeared.
E)None of these answers is correct.
Human beings and large apes are significantly different in
A)genetic makeup.
B)body chemistry.
C)level of intelligence.
D)the structure of the brain.
E)None of these answers is correct.
The famous Lucy was
A)a female ape.
B)an Australopithecus.
C)a Homo erectus.
D)an archeologist.
E)None of these answers is correct.
The family of hominids includes all of the following EXCEPT
A)apes and monkeys.
B)Australopithecus and Homo erectus.
C)Homo sapiens and Homo erectus.
D)Homo neandertalensis and Homo sapiens.
E)modern humans.
A major difference between Homo erectus and Australopithecus was the ability to
A)walk upright on two legs.
B)domesticate animals.
C)communicate complex ideas.
D)make stone tools.
E)All these answers are correct.
Homo sapiens were better hunters than Australopithecus and Homo erectus because they
A)organized larger hunting bands than their ancestors did.
B)were smaller in body size but swifter in action.
C)had larger brains and higher intelligence.
D)had more animals to hunt.
E)All these answers are correct.
The most significant defining characteristic of the paleolithic era was that
A)human beings used stone and bone tools in their cultivation of crops.
B)the peoples relied on hunting and gathering for subsistence.
C)men and women engaged in the same economic activities.
D)people domesticated animals.
E)None of these answers is correct.
What is the significance of the Natufian, Jomon, and Chinook cultures?
A)They show that some paleolithic cultures settled permanently.
B)They show that some paleolithic peoples lived in much larger groups.
C)They show that some paleolithic cultures had specialization of labor.
D)They show that some paleolithic cultures had hierarchies of authority.
E)All these answers are correct.
Neandertal peoples developed a capacity for emotion and feelings, which can be seen from their
A)elaborate burials.
B)cave paintings.
C)ancestor worship.
D)Venus figurines.
E)All these answers are correct.
Early humans showed their creativity by
A)creating complex languages.
B)inventing the bow and arrow.
C)using barbed harpoons.
D)learning to fish in deep water.
E)All these answers are correct.
The prominent sexual features of Venus figurines at early human sites indicate that Homo sapiens
A)worshipped the goddess of love forty thousand years ago.
B)had a deep interest in love-making activities.
C)were strongly concerned with fertility and the generation of new life.
D)used sympathetic magic to succeed in hunting.
E)All these answers are correct.
What was a likely purpose of an early human cave painting?
A)to warn competing groups of people of their presence
B)to practice telepathy
C)to draw portraits of each other
D)to exercise sympathetic magic
E)None of these answers is correct.
The term “neolithic era” originally meant one thing, but today has come to refer to
A)the early stages of agricultural society.
B)the agricultural transition.
C)the era in which the peoples began to use polished stone tools.
D)the era in which people began to live permanently in villages.
E)All these answers are correct.
By about 5000 B.C.E., agriculture had displaced hunting and gathering societies in several regions of the world, primarily because
A)cultivation required much less work than hunting and gathering.
B)cultivation provided a relatively stable and regular supply of food.
C)human beings had mastered agricultural knowledge and technique.
D)agriculture led to a more varied diet.
E)None of these answers is correct.
All of the following social changes were brought about by agriculture EXCEPT
A)population growth.
B)the emergence of villages and towns.
C)the invention of writing.
D)the specialization of labor.
E)the emergence of social classes.
The site of Jericho was one of the earliest known
A)agricultural sites.
Three neolithic industries that illustrate the greatest potential of specialized labor include
A)stone tool making, leather, and jewelry.
B)wood carving, beads, and baskets.
C)pottery, metallurgy, and textiles.
D)furs, fish, and grain.
E)None of these answers is correct.
Çatal Hüyük is an archaeological site in Anatolia from neolithic times, in which one can readily see evidence of
A)specialization of labor.
B)iron production.
C)long-distance trade.
E)All these answers are correct.
The belief that neolithic religious thought clearly reflected the natural world of early agricultural society is based on observation of
A)religious texts.
B)representations of gods and goddesses.
C)cave paintings.
E)priests’ burial sites.
Cities first emerged from agricultural villages and towns in
A)the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
E)South America.
Traditions & Encounters, 5e
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