Traditions and Encounters, AP Edition (Bentley), 5th Edition

Chapter 1: Before History

Interactive Map Quiz


Map A. Spread of Early Humans

This interactive map details the first migrations of human expansion across the world. Many scholars believe that humans originated from several key areas in Mesopotamia, Africa, and Asia, and then spread across the globe. This expansion was possible because more land was exposed at the time, allowing people to cross from what is now Russia into the North American continent. Exposed land in Oceania also allowed the migration of humans into Australia and Indonesia.

Describe the principle characteristics of Paleolithic hunting and gathering societies.


Why did the earliest cities appear in the Tigris and Euphrates River valleys?


Describe the main differences between villages like Jericho and early cities.


How were humans, in some areas, able to transform their ways of living from hunting and gathering to the more complex forms of life of those in villages like Catal Huyuk and, later, the earliest cities? What geographic factors allowed for a more stable but more complex way of life?

Traditions & Encounters, 5e
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