Human Geography: Landscapes of Human Activities, 11th Edition (Fellmann)

Chapter 7: Folk and Popular Culture: Diversity and Uniformity

Multiple Choice Quiz

Which of the following vernacular house style culture hearth associations is correct?
A)gable front New England
B)four-over-four St. Lawrence Valley
C)classic I Hudson Valley
D)central hall Tidewater
Which of the following statements is not true with respect to the Midwest culture region?
A)It is the least distinctive and most intermixed of the original eastern culture regions.
B)The interior contains evidence of artifacts carried only by migrants from the Upland and Lowland South.
C)It is the most Americanized of the culture regions.
D)It is a conglomeration of inputs from the Upland South, Northeast, and Middle Atlantic Regions.
In the United States, folk medicines, cures, and health wisdom are best developed and preserved in which areas?
A)New England and the St. Lawrence Valley
B)the Hudson Valley and Chesapeake region
C)Midwest and rural West
D)Upland South and Southern Appalachia
Which of the following is likely to be the least permanent element of folk culture?
B)folk music
Which of the following groups would be least likely to participate in the popular culture of late 20th century America?
A)Mormons of Utah
B)Native Americans of the West
C)Midwest Amish
D)Louisiana Cajuns
Among regional variations in the expression of popular culture, which of the following is true (refer to figure 7.30)?
A)Cigarette smoking and snack nut consumption are high in the same region of the country.
B)Membership in fraternal orders tends to concentrate in the urban East.
C)Television viewing of baseball, snack nut consumption, and cigarette smoking all seem to be popular in the North.
D)Snack nut eating and membership in fraternal orders show a strong spatial association.
Although country music had become a national commonplace by the late 1970s, country music radio stations are still most heavily concentrated in which region?
A)Upland South
C)Lowland South
Which of the following is not true with respect to popular culture?
A)Its diffusion is marked by the nearly simultaneous adoption over wide areas of both material and nonmaterial elements.
B)Recognizable culture hearths and migration paths are definable for most popular culture elements.
C)Many elements of popular culture are oriented toward the automobile.
D)Both material and nonmaterial elements of popular culture are subject to the same widespread uniformities.
The initial unifying agent that preceded the emergence of popular culture was the:
B)television set.
C)printing press.
D)shopping mall.
Which of the following is not an effect of popular culture?
A)Uniformity is substituted for differentiation.
B)The individual is liberated through exposure to a broader range of available opportunities.
C)It obliterates locally distinctive lifestyles.
D)Change in general and the adoption of innovations proceed slowly.
Because of its physical isolation from much of early settled America, the folk cultural region that has retained folk artifacts and customs more than any other is the:
A)Upland South.
B)Lowland South.
The region of American folk culture that exceeded all others in its influence was the:
C)Upland South.
The union of Anglo-American folk song, English country dancing, and West African musical patterns best describes the folk song tradition known as:
B)black folk music.
To the folk cultural geographer, the study of fencing as an adjunct of agricultural land use is useful for all of the following except as:
A)a guide to settlement periods and stages.
B)evidence of the resources and environmental conditions the settlers found.
C)an indicator of the folk cultural traditions of farm populations.
D)an indicator of the barn types prevalent at any time period.
All house types of the eastern United States can be traced to which three source regions?
A)Hudson Valley, Delaware Valley, St. Lawrence Valley
B)Middle Atlantic, Southern Tidewater, Mississippi Delta
C)New England, Middle Atlantic, Lower Chesapeake
D)St. Lawrence Valley, New England, Southern Tidewater
Thick-walled, long and single-storied with a flat or low-pitched earth-covered roof best describes which house type?
A)the grenier house of rural Louisiana
B)the Spanish adobe house
C)the four-over-four house of the Delaware Valley
D)the saltbox house of New England
In terms of housing styles, the southern hearths evolved differently from the northern hearths primarily because:
A)of the lack of traditional building materials.
B)of differences in climate and ethnic cultural mix.
C)the North was more affluent than the South.
D)the South was settled later than the North, and its housing evolved from existing plans.
The hearth region that had the most widespread influence on American vernacular architecture was:
A)Chesapeake Bay.
B)New England.
C)Hudson Valley.
D)Delaware Valley.
Which of the following North American culture hearth – original ethnic settler source area associations is not correct?
A)Hudson Valley – rural southern England
B)St. Lawrence Valley – northwestern France
C)Upper Canada – England and Scotland
D)Delaware Valley – England, Scotland, Sweden, Germany
Which of the following is not an aspect of material culture?
A)folk songs
D)musical instruments
With respect to the distinction between folk and ethnic as expressed in foods, all of the following are true except:
A)Until recent times, most societies have been intimately and largely concerned with food production.
B)In most world regions, ethnic and cultural intermixture is immediately apparent.
C)Most areas of the world have been occupied by a complex mix of peoples migrating in search of food and carrying food habits and preferences with them in their migrations.
D)Food habits are not just matters of sustenance but are intimately connected with the totality of culture or custom.
Which of the following popular music styles – folk music traditions associations is incorrect?
A)minstrel show ragtime and blues – jazz
B)Scottish bagpipe sound and church congregation singing – bluegrass
C)Southern white ancestral folk music – country music
D)African-American folk songs of the rural South – urban blues
The regional shopping mall, as an expression of popular culture, is distinguished by:
A)its origin in the mass transit era of the early 20th century.
B)its complete absence in the southeastern United States.
C)the fact that Americans spend more of their time in malls than anywhere else except home and work.
D)their complete replacement of traditional central business districts in older medium-sized and large cities.
Ethnic culture can be distinguished from both popular culture and folk culture by virtue of:
A)its preservation as behavioral norms that set a recognizable national, social, or religious minority group apart from a majority culture.
B)its being a way of life of the mass population, reducing regional folk and ethnic differences.
C)its geographical isolation and tradition, which keeps it separate, distinctive, and unchanging.
D)its being exclusively rural as opposed to urban.
Early cultural hearths along the U.S. east coast were established as a result of:
A)expansion diffusion.
B)relocation diffusion.
D)hierarchical diffusion.
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