Demography and population geography are different types of studies because the former focuses upon statistical analysis whereas the latter emphasizes spatial analysis.
By 2008, the approximate human population of Earth will reach 6.7 billion people. Taking such conditions into account, the United Nations projection for global population in 2050 is for how many people?
Crude birth rates and crude death rates are calculated as being the number of births or deaths per how many people?
A safe generalization is that crude birth rates of less than 18 per 1,000 is characteristic of ___________.
|B)||newly industrializing countries|
|D)||"A" and "B"|
An accepted generalization is that crude birth rates of more than 30 per 1,000 is on the high side. Approximately what fraction of the world’s population lives where that rate exists?
Research seems to demonstrate that the primary reason that fertility falls is when women decide they want smaller families.
In the developing world the major deterrent to lowering birth rates is _________________.
Total fertility rate (TFR) is the same as crude birth rate (CBR).
The minimum total fertility rate (TFR) to produce replacement population is _______________.
In light of the concept of population momentum, what would happen to the world's population if the global total fertility rate (TFR) were to drop below replacement population level?
|C)||increase for awhile due to a large child-bearing cohort|
Total fertility rate (TFR) in a population can and does generally vary within that population's sub-groups.
The United States has a total fertility rate (TFR) of 2.0. Which group within the United States has the highest TFR among the groups represented?
Infant mortality rates include deaths of children under ______ of age.
Maternal mortality rates in the developing world compared to the developed world are ______________.
A population pyramid with an extremely wide base, such as Kenya's, is typical of an area with __________________.
|A)||extremely slow growth|
A population pyramid with nearly equally divided cohorts has almost vertical sides, e.g., Sweden. This is typical of an area with __________________.
|A)||extremely slow growth|
A major impact upon population growth is HIV/AIDS. The most devastated region of the world with respect to HIV/AIDS is _________________.
The two most important factors in explaining the 100 million "missing women" of the world are ________________.
|A)||poverty and underdevelopment|
|B)||poverty and cultural practices|
|C)||cultural norms and underdevelopment|
|D)||cultural practices and cultural norms|
When using the dependency ratio, the age group considered to be the least dependent is _______________.
|A)||under 15 years|
|C)||over 64 years|
|D)||"A" and "C"|
A rate of natural increase of 1.0 percent results in a doubling time of how many years?
A rate of natural increase of 2.0 percent results in a doubling time of how many years?
The premise of the demographic transition is that a population is shifting into _______________.
|A)||agriculture and rural settlement|
|B)||rural settlement and industrialization|
|C)||agriculture and urbanization|
|D)||industrialization and urbanization|
The demographic transition was created initially to describe the population change of what region?
The first and fourth stages of the demographic transition are characterized by low rates of natural increase.
The Cairo Plan calls for stabilizing the world's population at 7.27 billion by what year?
The term ecumene refers to what?
|A)||The study of ecology.|
|B)||How population pressures affect the natural environment.|
|C)||The permanently inhabited areas of the earth's surface.|
|D)||Uninhabited areas of the earth's surface.|
Which term refers to the number of people per unit of arable land?
China has been at the forefront of population growth for some time now. Which of the following is NOT true concerning Chinese population growth and population policies?
|A)||Infanticide has been used to limit the number of children for some Chinese families.|
|B)||China followed a strategy of a 2 child family in the early 1970s.|
|C)||China followed a one couple one child strategy since 1977.|
|D)||China gave out free contraceptives to lower its birthrate.|
|E)||All of the above statements are true.|
You are given the following information concerning the country of Laos.
% of population under 15 years of age = 43%
% of population over 65 years of age = 4%
The Laotian dependency ratio is:
The following statements pertain to the collection of data for the purpose of making population projections. Which statement is correct?
|A)||Data collection is universal and identical throughout the world.|
|B)||Although not identical, approximately 75% of the world collects accurate census population data.|
|C)||The region of the world with the least reliable population data due to its inability to collect data is Africa.|
|D)||The homeless problem in the world is insignificant and plays no role in population projections.|
The statements below pertain to the experience of developing countries with respect to the demographic transition model. Choose the statement(s) that is (are) true.
I. Since 1955 the Crude birth rate (CBR) in developing countries has decreased, following an earlier similar pattern of the developed countries.
II. Since 1920 the Crude death rate (CDR) in developing countries has decreased, following an earlier similar pattern of the developed countries.
III. Since 1955 the rate of natural increase (RNI) has been "squeezed" significantly in the developing countries and currently closely approaches the RNI found in the developed countries.
|B)||I and II only|
|C)||I and III only|
|E)||I, II and III|
The philosophical view in which it is believed that rapid population growth diverts scarce resources away from capital expansion and into social welfare programs, thus creating the need to balance the decreases in mortality rates with lower birth rates is subscribed to by the
|C)||demographic transition model.|