Human Geography: Landscapes of Human Activities, 11th Edition (Fellmann)

Chapter 4: Population: World Patterns, Regional Trends

Multiple Choice Quiz

The demographic equation is represented by the sum of:
A)natural change and crude birth rates.
B)natural change and dependency ratios.
C)net migration and dependency ratios.
D)net migration and natural change.
Overpopulation is equated:
A)in the first stage of the demographic cycle with high fertility rates.
B)with high birth rates.
C)with imbalanced fertility rates and dependency ratios.
D)with a continuing imbalance between numbers of people and carrying capacity.
Which of the following is not relevant when projecting a country's population?
A)education and literacy rates
B)government policies regarding population growth
C)stage of demographic transition
D)the status of women
Urbanization has:
A)decreased arithmetic density but increased physiological density.
B)decreased both arithmetic and physiological densities.
C)increased arithmetic density but decreased physiological density.
D)increased both arithmetic and physiological densities.
Demographic momentum states that:
A)an immediate end to population growth will occur when the replacement rate reaches 2.1.
B)any child born today will have a life expectancy of at least 75 years.
C)our older populations will continue to live longer due to advances in technology.
D)the consequences of high fertility rates among young people will be realized as they work their way through the population pyramid.
Continued high birth rates and rapidly declining death rates describe which stage of the demographic cycle?
A)Stage 1
B)Stage 2
C)Stage 3
D)Stage 4
As of 2007, the world's population stands at approximately:
A)3 billion persons.
B)6.7 billion persons.
C)9.8 billion persons.
D)11 billion persons.
If a country's rate of natural increase has declined, then the doubling time for its population has:
A)been reduced to zero.
D)remained the same.
What total fertility rate would be necessary just to replace the world's existing population?
A country with a population of 2,000,000, a birth rate of 25, and a death rate of 20 would have how many births and deaths annually?
A)500,000 births and 400,000 deaths
B)50,000 births and 40,000 deaths
C)50,000 births and 10,000 deaths
D)500,000 births and 10,000 deaths
The continent with the highest birth rates is:
C)North America.
D)South America.
Which of the following statements is not correct?
A)Carrying capacity is the number of people an area can support given current technological conditions.
B)Overcrowding is a reflection of population per unit area.
C)Overpopulation is a value judgment.
D)Underpopulation occurs when a country has too few people to develop its resources.
An important factor contributing to the reduction in death rates in developing nations is:
A)a greater use of contraceptives.
B)access to educational facilities.
C)the pronounced youthfulness of their populations.
D)the very high birth rates.
In his theories, Malthus failed to recognize:
A)changes in human dietary patterns.
B)changes in technology.
C)the discovery of new inhabitable regions.
D)war and diseases.
A population pyramid with a wide base narrowing as the age cohorts progress indicates:
B)rapid growth.
C)slow growth.
Proportionately, the greatest decreases in infant mortality rates have occurred in:
A)developing rural nations.
B)South and Central America.
C)the urbanized areas of South Asia.
D)urbanized industrial nations.
Emigrant groups are dominated by:
A)middle-aged families with two or more children.
B)young families.
D)young single adults.
The population explosion after World War II reflected the effects of:
A)drastically reduced death rates in developing countries without simultaneous and compensating reductions in births.
B)government policies in Europe attempting to repopulate the war-torn countries.
C)massive industrialization attempts in both developing and developed countries.
D)the heavy death toll during the war with fewer births occurring.
The region of the world that contributes the most to world population growth is:
B)Asia, excluding India and China.
The four great clusters of population in the world are:
A)East Asia, South Africa, Europe, North America.
B)East Asia, South Asia, Europe, Africa.
C)East Asia, South Asia, Europe, North America.
D)East Asia, South Asia, North America, South America.
Birth and death rates are described as "crude" because:
A)the total numbers of births and deaths can never be calculated accurately.
B)they relate to the changes without any regard to the age or sex composition of the population.
C)the infant mortality rate is separate from the birth and death calculations.
D)there is no worldwide standard of what constitutes a birth or a death.
The single greatest health disparity between developed and developing nations is the:
A)birth rate.
B)infant mortality rate.
C)maternal mortality rate.
D)death rate.
Population projections are:
A)suitable as predictions.
B)based on assumptions for the future using current data.
C)used for assessing crude death rates.
D)used only for countries that have annual censuses.
The highest population densities are found in:
B)South Africa.
C)South America.
D)Western Europe.
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