Culture is a genetically-inherited characteristic of humans.
Which is the correct order of hierarchy from smallest to largest for identifying the spatial dimension of culture?
|A)||culture realm, culture region, culture complex, culture trait|
|B)||culture trait, culture region, culture complex, culture realm|
|C)||culture complex, culture region, culture realm, culture trait|
|D)||culture trait, culture complex, culture region, culture realm|
A result of globalization, it has been suggested, is a ____________ of cultures.
The theory that the dominant control on humans are physical phenomenon such as climate is known as:
The viewpoint that people, not environments, are the dynamic forces of cultural development is known as __________.
The modification of the earth's surface by humans results in a cultural landscape.
Groups of hunter-gatherers in the Paleolithic time period probably lived _______________.
|A)||in close proximity to each other|
|B)||more isolated from each other|
Human carrying capacity in Europe made its first major shift upward during the Mesolithic time period because of _____________.
|A)||increased hunting of wild animals|
|B)||more gathering of wild fruits and berries|
|C)||more emphasis upon food cultivation|
|D)||decreased population due to disease|
Which came first: domestication of plants or the domestication of animals?
|A)||domestication of animals|
|B)||domestication of plants|
|C)||animals and plants were domesticated simultaneously|
|D)||depended upon where the domestication took place|
Seed crops and vegetatively reproduced crops seem to have different major cultural hearths. Which form of domestication of plants is most closely associated with the tropics and humid subtropics?
|B)||vegetatively reproduced crops|
The center from which a culture trait diffuses is called a cultural hearth.
Which of these ancient cultures seems to have collapsed because its carrying capacity was exceeded?
|B)||Egypt Old Kingdom|
|E)||All of the above|
The ideological subsystem of a culture is known as its _________.
|E)||All of the above|
A culture's technological subsystem is referred to as its __________.
|D)||all of these|
|E)||none of these|
The sociological subsystem of a culture is called its ___________.
|E)||None of the above|
The two basic categories of diffusion are ____________.
|A)||contagious and hierarchical|
|B)||cascade and stimulus|
|C)||relocation and contagious|
|D)||expansion and hierarchical|
|E)||expansion and relocation|
Generally, the farther the distance from the source of an innovation, the slower the diffusion of it.
At present, which of the following is the most crucial medium for space-time compression?
If one culture imitates the behavior of a second culture and adopts the fundamental idea of a specific culture trait but not the culture trait itself, this reflects which form of diffusion?
Can there be independent invention of a mentifact, artifact, or sociofact in two or more different places?
What form of diffusion is represented by the spread of Wal-Mart?
An equal exchange of cultural items such as ideas or behaviors between two groups reflects ______________.
The fusing of old ideas for one group with new ideas from a second group demonstrates that the former group is practicing syncretism.
Which among the following influenced the practice of voodoo among enslaved Africans brought to Louisiana?
|C)||American Indiana spiritual practices|
|D)||All of the above|
In his Pulitzer Prize-winning book, Guns, Germs, and Steel, Jared Diamond attributes the conquest by Europeans of the Americas, Africa, Pacific Islands, and portions of Asia to a host of factors. Which among the following is not put forward as a reason by Diamond?
|A)||Eurasia's abundance of cultivatable plants|
|B)||Eurasia's supply of large animals suitable for domestication|
|C)||Eurasia's east-to-west orientation of similar climates and landforms|
|D)||Eurasia's biological stock of advantageous racial characteristics|
The broadest distribution of cultural regions occurs at the
Globalization has allowed numerous cultures to quickly attain levels of technology that may have taken much longer for them to achieve. Arriving at different stages of development, urbanization and industrialization at different times is referred to as
Societies and peoples that exhibit a gap between modern technology and other social traits are described as
|B)||having a cultural gap.|
|C)||in the state of refusion.|
|D)||experiencing a cultural lag.|
The difference between relocation and expansion diffusion stems from
|A)||the initial stage of relocation diffusion spreading further than if it were spreading by expansion diffusion.|
|B)||relocation diffusion is strictly centralized while expansion diffusion is strictly linear.|
|C)||expansion diffusion intensifying the concept, idea or trait in the place of origin while relocation does not.|
|D)||relocation expansion causing the idea, concept or trait being practiced to wane in its place of origin or even disappear, while expansion diffusion does not.|
Which of the following acts as a barrier to diffusion of ideas and/or cultural traits?
|A)||the earth's topography|
|D)||All of the above can acts barriers.|