For the first time in history, more people now live in cities than in rural areas.
The expansion of megacities worldwide is ______________.
|A)||increasing at a high rate.|
|B)||increasing at a slow rate.|
|C)||being reversed in all cases.|
|D)||no longer taking place.|
Besides Megalopolis, which of the following areas is a conurbation in North America?
|A)||Southern Great Lakes|
|E)||all of the above|
Which settlement pattern predominates in rural areas globally?
|A)||nucleated (hamlet and village)|
|B)||dispersed (isolated farmsteads)|
Cities can be traced as a form of settlement pattern to at least how many years ago?
|D)||answer not given|
An urbanized area is the physical city whereas the metropolitan area is the functional city.
A location that is classified as break-of-bulk, head-of-navigation, bay head, or railhead, is being categorized according to its ___________________.
|C)||both site and situation characteristics|
|D)||neither site nor situation characteristics|
The higher the basic/nonbasic ratio, the greater the multiplier effect in economic development while conversely, the higher the decline in the basic sector, the greater the drop in nonbasic employment.
The flow of goods, services, communications, and people in an urban hierarchy is _________________.
|C)||two-way (up and down)|
|D)||none of the above|
Primate cities are to be found only in the developing world.
Currently, there are three world cities that are the control points for international finance, global marketing, and international production. Two of these are New York and Tokyo. Which of the following is the third world city?
The regularity of the distribution of towns of the same size located about the same distance from each other and performing similar economic functions is explained by Christaller's ________________.
|B)||urban influence zone|
|C)||central place theory|
|D)||network cities rule|
Network cities are a phenomenon yet to be developed in the United States and Canada.
Older cities of the United States and Canada which developed in the era of the mass transit city generally have more concentrated central business districts than do those North American cities which emerged after the automobile became the major transportation influence on the competitive bid for land.
Which of these models of urban land use structure is the oldest and the basis for the evolution of the other two models?
|A)||concentric zone model|
|D)||galactice cities model|
When interpreting the spatial layout of the social geography of the city, three geographic patterns become evident. Which pattern has changed the most since the 1970s?
|D)||"A" and "B"|
|E)||"B" and "C"|
The pace of suburbanization reached its peak in the United States in the __________________.
During the 1990s, suburban-based outer cities began to equal and to exceed central city central business districts as the economic focus of cities.
Which of the following criteria is necessary in sufficient amounts for a place to be categorized as an "edge city" according to Garreau's thesis?
|B)||retail space in malls|
|C)||more jobs than residents|
|D)||all of the above|
|E)||none of the above|
Central city change is characteristically the same in the eastern cities of the United States as it is in its western cities.
Where did the greatest urban growth taken place in late 20th century America?
|A)||Northeast and Middle West|
|B)||Southeast and Gulf of Mexico|
|C)||Great Plains and Atlantic East|
|D)||Mountain and Pacific West|
Central city revitalization became significant in the 1990s. In addition to "circular and cumulative" growth, this renewal was sparked in many instances by gentrification.
During the 1980s and 1990s, homelessness in the United States ________________.
Compared to Los Angeles, the standard by which urban sprawl has been measured traditionally in North America, Phoenix is __________________.
|C)||slightly less sprawled|
|D)||considerably less sprawled|
The descriptions and models that geographers apply to cities in the United States are equally valid for cities around the world.
Today there are more cities with populations greater than 1 million inhabitants located south of the Brandt line than those found north of the line.
The productive area surrounding the population center that provides the base for the creation of an urban area is the
|A)||CBD (central business district).|
Cities such as Columbus, Ohio and Denver/Boulder Colorado that are home to state government, major medical facilities and major universities that draw people from their own state and other states are referred to as ________ cities. The aforementioned functions serve as part of these cities' ______ sector.
|D)||transport centers; non-basic|
The minimum number of customers a product or service needs to support its business enterprise is its
|C)||spatial profit region.|
|D)||urban influence zone|
Which of the following statements is true concerning population density gradients?
|A)||Over a long time period the density gradient is "squeezed" upward as it becomes shorter and steeper.|
|B)||Land rents tend to be highest for single family units on all gradients.|
|C)||Multi-story apartments are generally located 1-3 miles from the central business district (CBD)|
|D)||The larger the city the steeper the population density gradient.|