Street Law: A Course in Practical Law

Chapter 43: Discrimination

Student Self-Assessment Quizzes

Efforts to end discrimination in American history include
A)Jim Crow laws.
B)Plessy v. Ferguson.
C)Brown v. Board of Education.
D)the separate but equal doctrine.
Why did the U.S. Supreme Court rule unconstitutional the race-sensitive admission policies of the Seattle and Louisville School Districts?
A)Racial quotas are always unconstitutional.
B)Discrimination is an unavoidable result of lawmaking.
C)These voluntary plans were not narrowly tailored to meet a compelling government interest.
D)Diversity is not a valid educational goal.
A law that discriminates against a specific religious practice will be upheld by the courts only if the law
A)has a rational basis for the discrimination.
B)serves a compelling interest and there is no less discriminating way to satisfy the interest.
C)serves an important government interest.
D)is connected to national security.
The law permits sons, but not daughters, to inherit from their parents when the parents die without a will. This law
A)does not violate the equal protection clause.
B)must pass strict scrutiny in order to be valid.
C)must have a rational relationship to the purpose for the law to be valid.
D)must serve an important government interest to be valid.
Which of the followig is an example of a remedy to help desegregate schools?
C)developing magnet schools
D)transferring students to private schools
The federal civil rights laws permit discrimination on the basis of
B)sexual orientation.
C)national origin.
A ballet company hires only women to perform as ballerinas. This discrimination is
A)illegal because federal law bans sex discrimination.
B)legal because discrimination on the basis of sex is legal.
C)legal because employers may discriminate on the basis of sex if it is a necessary qualification for the job.
D)illegal because males as well as females can dance the parts.
Which requirement to vote is illegal?
A)a poll tax
B)a minimum voting age
C)a citizenship requirement
D)a minimal period of residency
An argument in support of collective rights is that they would
A)divide people into competing subgroups.
B)do away with the common English language.
C)allow dangerous and sometimes illegal religious practices.
D)move the country in a more community-oriented direction.
The two types of sexual harassment are quid pro quo and
A)hostile work environment.
B)the good old boys network.
C)reasonable woman's standard.
D)supervisor's dilemma.
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