Street Law: A Course in Practical Law

Chapter 38: Freedom of the Press

Student Self-Assessment Quizzes

What has been referred to as the fourth branch of government?
A)the courts
B)the executive branch
C)the media
D)the legislature
A gag order is issued by a judge when the right of freedom of the press is outweighed by
A)the right to privacy.
B)free speech.
C)freedom of religion.
D)the right to a fair trial.
Less drastic steps than a gag order include
A)dismissing the charges with prejudice.
B)granting immunity to the defendant.
C)moving the trial to another county.
D)dismissing the charges without prejudice.
Prior restraint
A)grants journalism discretion whether to publish classified information.
B)is presumed unconstitutional.
C)has not occurred in recent years.
D)protects journalists from revealing confidential sources.
The government is required to release
A)information affecting national defense.
B)personnel and medical files.
C)trade secrets.
D)programs selected for federal funding.
To obtain information from the government, you must
A)write to request the information.
B)specify the document by its official name.
C)demonstrate a need for the information.
D)give a reason for wanting to see the information.
The Supreme Court failed to block publication of the Pentagon Papers because
A)the publication would cause direct, immediate, and irreparable harm.
B)the publication might only cause embarrassment to the government.
C)the only way to avoid irreparable harm was prior restraint.
D)it contained evidence of a secret plan of attack during the war.
Government agencies required by the federal Freedom of Information Act to give the public information in its files include
B)the courts.
C)local or state government agencies.
D)the U.S. Department of Justice.
In an effort to determine who revealed the name of a CIA operative to a journalist, the journalist would resort to _____ for the privilege to keep sources confidential.
A)freedom of the press
B)freedom of speech
C)shield laws
D)gag orders
An argument made by defense attorneys to require a newspaper to turn over the names of all persons interviewed in a murder investigation as part of a story on multiple murders by a doctor is that the
A)prosecution has greater sources of information.
B)defense cannot properly prepare its case without this information.
C)First Amendment protects a reporter's sources of information.
D)shield law allows newspapers to withhold any unpublished material.
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