Street Law: A Course in Practical Law

Chapter 5: The Court System

Student Self-Assessment Quizzes

Which of the following characteristics describes the adversarial legal system?
A)The trial is a consensus of what is best to do.
B)The jury makes rulings on the law.
C)The judge presents and comments on the evidence.
D)The judge manages the trial.
Which of the following characteristics describes the inquisitorial legal system?
A)The lawyer questions the witnesses.
B)The lawyer orders witnesses to appear.
C)The judge conducts searches.
D)The judge or jury determines the truth from facts presented by the opposing sides.
The Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution requires that juries
A)be provided in criminal cases in both state and federal court.
B)be provided in civil cases in both state and federal court.
C)consist of twelve persons in criminal cases.
D)be 18 years of age, speak English, and be U.S. citizens.
Trials occur
A)in most criminal cases because a jury is generally able to decide guilt or innocence accurately.
B)in few criminal cases because most criminals plea bargain.
C)in most civil cases because judges can understand the complex issues presented by today's cases.
D)in few civil cases because there is generally no right to a jury trial in civil cases.
What is voir dire?
A)the process of calling people to jury service
B)the process of assigning jurors to specific cases
C)the process of screening people for jury service in a particular case
D)the process of removing jurors from a case because of their inability to reach a fair verdict
Which of the following is a characteristic of an appeals court?
A)Evidence is submitted through the proper witness.
B)Only arguments from attorneys are presented in court.
C)Witnesses give testimony under oath.
D)Juries decide the facts.
When the highest state court in a state makes a decision, this precedent must be followed by
A)all federal trial courts in the state.
B)all federal appellate courts in the state.
C)the U.S. Supreme Court.
D)the lower state appellate and trial courts in that state.
Which type of case would likely be heard in federal court?
A)a divorce case between two persons who now live in different states
B)a criminal case involving shoplifting
C)a car accident case in which plaintiff and defendant live in different states and the plaintiff is suing for $500,000
D)a probate case in which a son is claiming that his deceased father was not competent when he made his will
Which of the following statements about the U.S. Supreme Court is true?
A)The U.S. Supreme Court hears very few cases that it is asked to review.
B)The U.S. Supreme Court's decisions must be unanimous.
C)The winning party in the lower court usually appeals its case to the U.S. Supreme Court.
D)If the U.S. Supreme Court decides to hear a case, the witnesses from the trial must testify once again.
Why is the Case of Gideon v. Wainwright important?
A)It changed the precedent in the entire country.
B)It showed that state law is paramount.
C)It showed that once precedent has been established, it cannot change.
D)It changed the precedent for the state of Florida.
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