World History: Journey Across Time
Web Activity Lesson Plans
Alexander the Great's conquests helped to spread Greek culture. Hellenistic kings were interested in Greek art and architecture, which conveyed Greek ideas of beauty and harmony. As students learned in this chapter, Greek architects flocked to Alexandria to construct classic Greek buildings for kings, who wanted Alexandria to resemble the cultural centers of Greece. When the Greek historian Herodotus compiled a list of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, he included the Alexandria Lighthouse, which was commissioned by the Greeks. In this activity, students will visit NOVA online and dive deep into the wonders of the ancient world.
Destination Title: NOVA Online
Students will learn about the sunken city of Alexandria, the Pharos, and the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Students will take an interactive quiz, helping them identify the structures. After discovering what lies beneath the Mediterranean Sea, off the coast of Egypt, students will answer four questions. They will apply what they've learned by choosing a modern wonder of the world and writing a brief persuasive essay to convince archaeologists to consider their "wonder" as one of the greatest among modern wonders.
- Students will recall facts about the Seven Wonders of the World while taking a quiz and answering questions about the content.
- Students will develop criteria for Modern Wonders, apply these criteria while selecting a structure, and compose a persuasive essay to support their choice.
Student Web Activity Answers
- The site was difficult to map for two reasons. First, the site covered over 5.5 acres, making it one of the largest underwater archaeological sites in the Mediterranean. Second, the pieces were situated on top of each other.
- The Great Pyramid of Giza is the only Wonder still standing.
- The gardens were built for the King's wife, who was homesick for the landscape of her native country.
- Answers will vary, but may include the following: the lighthouse has a square base that was 184 feet high; it made use of a mirror, fire, and sunlight; it is the youngest of the Seven Wonders; it was built on Pharos Island; it was called the Pharos because it was so famous; earthquakes destroyed the lighthouse.
- Answers will vary.