# Introduction to Physical Science

## Chapter 4: States of Matter

### States of Matter

 1. Vaporization is different from evaporation because __________. Need a Hint? A) evaporation occurs in the liquid B) vaporization occurs at the surface C) only vaporization involves a change of state D) evaporation occurs at the surface 2. Which is not a physical state of matter? Need a Hint? A) solid B) vacuum C) liquid D) gas 3. If a container of gas gets larger while the temperature remains the same, the pressure __________. Need a Hint? A) fluctuates B) remains the same C) increases D) decreases 4. __________ is the ability to do work or cause change. Need a Hint? A) Matter B) Mass C) State D) Energy 5. What causes surface tension? Need a Hint? A) particles of a liquid pushing up on the surface B) particles of a liquid pulling along the surface C) particles of a liquid pushing on the sides of a container D) particles of gas pushing down on a liquid 6. What type of solids do not have a specific melting point? Need a Hint? A) viscous B) crystalline C) runny D) amorphous 7. What moves in or out of a substance during a change of state? Need a Hint? A) matter B) mass C) temperature D) heat 8. Crystalline solids have __________. Need a Hint? A) no phase changes B) an amorphous shape C) repeating three dimensional patterns D) two-dimensional crystalline patterns 9. A warmer substance has more __________ than a cooler one. Need a Hint? A) temperature B) matter C) thermal energy D) specific heat 10. A substance with a high __________ takes more heat to raise its temperature one degree Celsius. Need a Hint? A) specific heat B) matter C) temperature D) thermal energy 11. Matter takes up __________. Need a Hint? A) space and heat B) space and temperature C) heat and temperature D) space and mass 12. Which best describes particles in a liquid? Need a Hint? A) more freely moving than a solid B) completely unmoving C) less freely moving than a solid D) more freely moving than a gas 13. The force exerted on an area is known as __________. Need a Hint? A) specific heat B) pressure C) temperature D) volume 14. When a material is melting, the temperature __________. Need a Hint? A) decreases B) fluctuates C) remains the same D) increases 15. Hydraulic systems use the __________ principle. Need a Hint? A) Pascal B) liquid C) pressure D) Peter 16. Because lead has a lower density than liquid mercury, it will __________ in mercury. Need a Hint? A) sink B) dissolve C) float D) melt 17. Gases can be __________. Need a Hint? A) boiled B) destroyed C) expanded but not compressed D) expanded and compressed 18. What best explains how a straw works? Need a Hint? A) your mouth sucks liquid in B) the suction in your mouth is equal to atmospheric pressure C) the atmospheric pressure pushes down on the liquid's surface D) the atmospheric pressure in your mouth pushes down on the liquid 19. What is the term for the changing of a solid directly into a gas? Need a Hint? A) evaporation B) condensation C) vaporization D) sublimation 20. Particles with more energy move __________ than particles with less energy. Need a Hint? A) slower and closer together B) slower and farther apart C) faster and closer together. D) faster and farther apart