Glencoe World History

Chapter 31: Asia and the Pacific, 1945–Present

Asia and the Pacific, 1945-Present

To establish a socialist society in China, Mao Zedong first focused on __________
A)collectivizing agriculture.
B)permanent revolution.
C)industrial modernization.
D)eliminating the “Four Olds.”
After Mao’s death, Deng Xiaoping used a program called the __________ to encourage growth in industry and farming.
A)Great Leap Forward
B)Proletarian Cultural Revolution
C)Four Modernizations
D)permanent revolution
__________ was the most direct cause of massive demonstrations in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square.
A)Rising inflation
B)The demand for better living conditions
C)The call for the resignation of China’s aging Communist Party leaders
D)Discontent among salaried workers
President __________ established the first diplomatic ties between the United States and the People’s Republic of China.
A)Harry S Truman
B)John F. Kennedy
C)Lyndon B. Johnson
D)Richard M. Nixon
Within a short time after British India was divided into two states, most of the Hindus lived in __________
C)East Pakistan.
Among the newly independent states of Southeast Asia, __________ has often been ruled by military regimes.
B)the Philippines
After the withdrawal of French troops from Vietnam, the United States __________
A)invaded North Vietnam.
B)supported Ho Chi Minh.
C)defeated the Viet Cong.
D)provided aid to South Vietnam.
One of the countries in Southeast Asia moving toward democracy is the Philippines, where __________ replaced a corrupt regime in 2001.
A)Gloria Arroyo
B)Ferdinand Marcos
C)Corazon Aquino
D)Indira Gandhi
Explanations for Japan’s economic success do NOT include __________
A)the strengthening of the zaibatsu system.
B)a reward system for good management-labor relations.
C)the dumping of goods at below-cost prices to break into foreign markets.
D)the building of new factories after the old ones were destroyed by the war.
__________ became South Korea’s democratically elected leader in 1997.
A)Chung Hee Park
B)Kim Tae-jung
C)Syngman Rhee
D)Kim Il Sung
After the Nationalists were defeated by the Communists in China and retreated to Taiwan, they __________
A)concentrated on economic growth.
B)immediately established a thriving democracy.
C)were recognized as an independent state by the United Nations.
D)were invaded by mainland China.
All of the following help explain the recent shift of Australia and New Zealand toward closer ties with Asia EXCEPT __________
A)increasing trade with Asian states.
B)long-standing cultural ties to the region.
C)close distances.
D)increasing immigration from Asia.
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