U. S. Government: Democracy In Action
Political Systems in Today's World
Americans often take democracy for granted. Chapter 25 compares political systems and develops an appreciation for forms of government that provide freedom and security.
Section 1 discusses consolidated and emerging democracies. France, Great Britain, and Japan are known as consolidated democracies because their democratic governments have free elections, constitutional government, and competing political parties. Most emerging democratic governments have been threatened by high inflation in the marketplace, social tensions among the people, and extremist political movements. The smooth transfer of power after an election is a good sign for a country's future as a democracy.
Section 2 reviews the histories of some authoritarian states. For example, ethnic and religious strife have discouraged democracy in places like Afghanistan. Cuba and China remain committed to communism. In addition, countries like Iran and Iraq are dominated by religious or military leaders.
Section 3 explores the role of international organizations. International organizations such as the United Nations and the European Union seek political and sometimes economical cooperation among member countries.
Section 4 examines global issues that affect our world today. Terrorism, human rights violations, and environmental concerns are among many issues that concern governments throughout the world.