U. S. Government: Democracy In Action

Chapter 23: Structure and Function of State Government

Structure and Function of State Government

Like the federal Constitution, state constitutions provide for __________
A)ways state and local governments may raise money.
B)ways that certain revenues may be spent.
C)legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
D)different types of local government.
All states require ratification of amendments by popular vote except __________
D)New Hampshire.
To resolve differences when the second house to receive a bill changes it, the legislature __________
A)discusses the bill and may hold public hearings.
B)sends it to the governor to resolve the differences.
C)creates a conference committee of members from both houses.
D)sends the bill to a committee that specializes in the bill's subject matter.
State judges are selected in all of the following ways except __________
A)by popular elections.
B)in elections by state legislatures.
C)appointment by a panel of current judges.
D)appointment by the governor.
States protect consumers when the legislatures pass laws to __________
A)regulate landlord-tenant relations.
B)provide workers' compensation.
C)grant tax credits to businesses.
D)require minors to have work permits.
To take some of the pressure off the corrections system, states are giving judges more sentencing options, such as the option to show young offenders how terrible prison life could be through a brief prison stay called __________
B)mandatory sentencing.
C)shock probation.
D)house arrest.
Nearly half the general revenue of state governments comes from __________
B)state taxes.
C)license fees.
State governments usually prefer block grants as a form of federal aid because __________
A)even individuals may apply for funds for a variety of specific reasons.
B)these federal funds go to the states on the basis of a formula.
C)these grants usually require states to provide matching funds.
D)officials have considerable choice about how the funds are spent.
Enacting land-use laws is one way states have increased their efforts to __________
A)clean up air and water pollution.
B)conserve their resources.
C)protect citizens' life and liberty.
D)dispose of radioactive wastes.
To pay for large, long-term expenditures such as highway construction or other building projects, state governments __________
A)sell bonds.
B)use categorical-formula grants.
C)use block grants.
D)run lotteries.
US Government: Democracy In Action
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