U. S. Government: Democracy In Action

Chapter 13: Constitutional Freedoms

Constitutional Freedoms

A process called incorporation has extended the Bill of Rights so that it now protects human rights from abuse by __________
A)foreign governments within their own borders.
B)all levels of government in the United States.
C)acts of state and local governments.
D)congressional actions.
The Supreme Court has ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment extends the Bill of Rights to state and local governments in its __________
A)reference to "unalienable rights."
C)definition of citizenship.
D)due process clause.
The establishment clause of the First Amendment prohibits the government from __________
A)using public tax money to support one particular religion.
B)opening daily sessions of Congress with a prayer.
C)having any contact with any church or religious group.
D)administering oaths of office in the name of God.
To be constitutional, state aid to church schools must __________
A)benefit students of non-Christian religions.
B)have a clear, secular, nonreligious purpose.
C)in its main effect inhibit religion.
D)encourage "excessive government entanglement with religion."
In the 1919 case of Schenck v. United States, Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., developed a guideline for courts called the __________
A)bad tendency doctrine.
B)preferred position doctrine.
C)alternative channels of communication.
D)"clear and present danger" test.
An example of libel is __________
A)calling a dance partner clumsy when he or she steps on your toe.
B)naming people who bribed a mayor in a newspaper column.
C)telling customers that a baker puts insects in the raisin bagels.
D)falsely accusing a classmate of cheating in a letter to the teacher.
In 1931 the Court ruled a state law unconstitutional because it involved prior restraint in the case __________
A)Near v. Minnesota.
B)New York Times Co. v. United States.
C)Sheppard v. Maxwell.
D)Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart.
Because pretrial publicity interfered with the defendant's right to a fair trial, the Court overturned a murder conviction in the case __________
A)New York Times Co. v. United States.
B)Sheppard v. Maxwell.
C)Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart.
D)Richmond Newspapers, Inc. v. Virginia.
In Cox v. New Hampshire, the Supreme Court upheld a law requiring a parade permit to ensure that the parade would not __________
A)enter the grounds of a county jail.
B)disrupt classes in nearby schools.
C)interfere with other citizens using the streets.
D)interfere with trials in nearby courthouses.
In Thornhill v. Alabama, the Supreme Court ruled that __________
A)depriving a business of its customers is unconstitutional.
B)picketing without a labor dispute is prohibited.
C)peaceful picketing is a form of free speech.
D)people cannot cross a labor picket line.
US Government: Democracy In Action
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