The Science of Psychology: An Appreciative View, 2nd Edition (King)

Chapter 15: Psychological Disorders

Multiple Choice Quiz

What organization publishes the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders?
A)American Psychological Association
B)American Psychiatric Association
C)American Medical Association
D)National Alliance for the Mentally Ill
On which axis of the DSM are medical disorders?
Which of the following is FALSE about people with OCD?
A)they have more activity in their frontal cortex than normal individuals
B)they show decreased activity in their thalamus than normal individuals
C)they're amygdala is smaller than in normal individuals
D)they have lower levels of serotonin than normal individuals
A soldier who survived a bloody battle finds that she has recurrent nightmares, avoids her military friends, and jumps when she hears a loud noise. Of what disorder are these symptoms characteristic?
A)major depressive disorder
B)generalized anxiety disorder
C)bipolar disorder
D)posttraumatic stress disorder
Karen hasn't been eating or sleeping much lately. She has a general sense of hopelessness and low self-esteem. When she goes to work she finds herself struggling to concentrate and make important decisions. Karen seems to be suffering from
B)dysthymic disorder.
C)major depressive disorder.
D)generalized anxiety disorder.
Which of the following is NOT an anxiety disorder?
A)panic disorder
B)obsessive-compulsive disorder
C)bipolar disorder
D)posttraumatic stress disorder
Which of the following does not fit with the others?
A)bipolar disorder
B)dysthymic disorder
D)major depressive disorder
A person who is hearing voices that are not there is experiencing
C)mood disorder.
Which of the following statements is most consistent with the biopsychosocial model?
A)Mental illness is caused by brain abnormalities, neurochemical abnormalities, and genetic influences.
B)Societal forces such as oppression and poverty drive the development of mental illness.
C)Genetic heritage causes a predisposition to mental illness, but environmental and cognitive/emotional factors must be present for mental illness to develop.
D)Mental illness does not exist, but is rather a normal reaction to an abnormal situation.
Someone who finds that he has traveled to a new town and has no memory of his old life is likely suffering from
A)dissociative identity disorder.
B)dissociative fugue.
C)dissociative amnesia.
D)multiple personality disorder.
Which of the following would be classified as a negative symptom of schizophrenia?
A)visual hallucinations
B)flat affect
D)loose associations
A person who believes that the television news anchor is talking to him is suffering from
D)negative symptoms of schizophrenia.
The term diathesis refers to
A)the process by which individuals dissociate.
B)the positive symptoms of schizophrenia.
C)the cycling between depressive and manic episodes in bipolar disorder.
D)a physical predisposition to a mental illness.
Personality disorders are recorded on which DSM axis?
Renee is a social worker in an urban community mental health center. She has just seen a new client who has depression, which she codes on
A)Axis I.
B)Axis II.
C)Axis III.
D)Axis IV.
How are generalized anxiety disorder and phobic disorder different?
A)Generalized anxiety disorder is more severe than phobic disorder.
B)Generalized anxiety disorder involves avoidance of specific situations, whereas phobic disorder does not.
C)Generalized anxiety disorder involves anxiety about a large variety of things, whereas phobic disorder involves anxiety about a specific thing.
D)Generalized anxiety involves fear of other people, whereas phobic disorder involves fear of dangerous places or objects.
In order for a person to be classified as having major depressive disorder, he or she must experience a depressive episode that lasts at least
A)one week.
B)two weeks.
C)one month.
D)two months.
Which of the following statements is most correct?
A)The biggest risk factor for depression is genetics.
B)All areas of the brain of depressed persons are under-active.
C)Depression is related to neurotransmitter deregulation, genetics, and cognitive processes.
D)Women experience depression because estrogen, by its nature, is a depressant.
Which of the following is false?
A)suicide is the leading cause of death in U.S. adolescents
B)depressed individuals are likely to attempt suicide more than once
C)suicide runs in families
D)Iran has a relatively low suicide rate
Ken went to the emergency room because he was short of breath, had a rapid heartbeat, was sweating, and feared that he was having a heart attack and would die. When the physician examined Ken, she was unable to find anything physically wrong with him. When she questioned Ken further, he told her that these physical symptoms occurred right before he was to give an important presentation. Which of the following is a possible explanation for Ken's symptoms?
A)obsessive-compulsive disorder.
B)bipolar disorder.
C)panic disorder.
King: The Science of Psychology, 2nd Edition
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