Biology (Mader), 10th Edition
Biotechnology and Genomics
After studying this chapter, you should be able to accomplish the following outcomes.
- Define what is meant by recombinant DNA (rDNA), and list the most common laboratory techniques used to generate it.
- Explain how the polymerase chain reaction can be used to amplify DNA segments, and how it may be used to analyze DNA.
- Describe how transgenic bacteria, plants, and animals may be used to generate products useful to humans.
- Contrast in vivo and ex vivo gene therapy techniques.
- List some disorders in humans that gene therapy has been used to treat.
- Describe what has been learned from the Human Genome Project.
- Describe the arrangement of genes on human chromosomes.
- List the three types of intergenic sequences and describe the properties of each.
- Explain why the definition of gene is being reconsidered to include DNA sequences that do not encode proteins.