Hole's Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology, 12th Edition (Shier)

Chapter 20: Pregnancy, Growth, Development, and Genetics

Learning Outcomes

20.1 Introduction
1: Distinguish between growth and development.
2: Distinguish between prenatal and postnatal.

20.2 Fertilization
3: Describe fertilization.

20.3 Pregnancy and the Prenatal Period
4: List and provide details of the major events of cleavage.
5: Distinguish between an embryo and a fetus.
6: Discuss the hormonal changes in the maternal body during pregnancy.
7: List the structures produced by each of the primary germ layers.
8: Describe the major events of the embryonic stage of development.
9: Describe the major events of the fetal stage of development.
10: Trace the general path of blood through the fetal cardiovascular system.
11: Explain the role of hormones in the birth process and milk production.

20.4 Postnatal Period
12: Describe the major cardiovascular and other physiological adjustments in the newborn.

20.5 Aging
13: Distinguish between passive aging and active aging.

20.6 Genetics
14: Distinguish among the modes of inheritance.
15: Describe the components of multifactorial traits.

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