Hole's Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology, 12th Edition (Shier)

Chapter 16: Respiratory System

Learning Outcomes

16.1 Introduction
1: Identify the general functions of the respiratory system.

16.2 Organs of the Respiratory System
2: Locate the organs of the respiratory system.
3: Describe the functions of each organ of the respiratory system.

16.3 Breathing Mechanism
4: Explain the mechanisms of inspiration and expiration.
5: Define each of the respiratory volumes and capacities.

16.4 Control of Breathing
6: Locate the respiratory areas in the brainstem and explain how they control breathing.
7: Discuss how various factors affect the respiratory areas.

16.5 Alveolar Gas Exchanges
8: Describe the structure and function of the respiratory membrane.
9: Explain how air and blood exchange gases.

16.6 Gas Transport
10: List the ways blood transports oxygen and carbon dioxide.

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