Hole's Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology, 12th Edition (Shier)

Chapter 13: Cardiovascular System

Learning Outcomes

13.1 Introduction
1: Discuss the functions of the organs of the cardiovascular system.

13.2 Structure of the Heart
2: Distinguish between the coverings of the heart and the layers that compose the wall of the heart.
3: Identify and locate the major parts of the heart, and discuss the functions of each part.
4: Trace the pathway of blood through the heart and the vessels of coronary circulation.

13.3 Heart Actions
5: Describe the cardiac cycle and the cardiac conduction system.
6: Identify the parts of a normal ECG pattern, and discuss the significance of this pattern.
7: Explain control of the cardiac cycle.

13.4 Blood Vessels
8: Compare the structures and functions of the major types of blood vessels.
9: Describe how substances are exchanged between blood in the capillaries and the tissue fluid surrounding body cells.

13.5 Blood Pressure
10: Explain how blood pressure is produced and controlled.
11: Describe the mechanisms that aid in returning venous blood to the heart.

13.6 Paths of Circulation
12: Compare the pulmonary and systemic circuits of the cardiovascular system.

13.7 - 13.8 Arterial System - Venous System
13: Identify and locate the major arteries and veins.

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