Hole's Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology, 10th Edition (Shier)

Chapter 7: Skeletal System

Post-Test

1
In an adult, red marrow is not found in the
A)diaphysis of the femur
B)frontal and parietal bones
C)ribs
D)pelvic bones
2
Calcium is stored in
A)bone's extracellular matrix
B)osteocytes
C)marrow
D)Haversian canals
3
Which of the following elements is not normally found in bone?
A)magnesium
B)lead
C)carbonate ions
D)potassium
4
All of the following can reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis except
A)performing weight-bearing exercise on a regular basis
B)avoiding medications containing bisphosphonates
C)consuming adequate daily amounts of calcium and vitamin D
D)avoiding smoking
5
The finger and toe bones are called
A)tarsals
B)carpals
C)patellae
D)phalanges
6
Which bone does not form part of the orbit?
A)nasal bone
B)frontal bone
C)sphenoid bone
D)maxilla
7
The mastoid process is a bony extension of the
A)occipital bone
B)parietal bone
C)sphenoid bone
D)temporal bone
8
The sella turcica which surrounds the pituitary gland is part of the
A)frontal bone
B)sphenoid bone
C)ethmoid bone
D)nasal bone
9
The fontanels of the infant skull mainly permit
A)rapid growth of the brain
B)molding of the head to fit through the birth canal
C)easier transfer of heat
D)equalization of pressure within the infant skull
10
Which of the following is(are) not considered a part of the thoracic cage?
A)clavicles
B)false ribs
C)floating ribs
D)sternum
11
The coracoid process is located on the
A)clavicle
B)scapula
C)humerus
D)thoracic vertebrae
12
Which of the following is not a bone forming the coxa?
A)the pubis
B)the ilium
C)the symphysis pubis
D)the ischium
13
Where in the femur do most hip fractures in the elderly occur?
A)greater trochanter
B)neck of the femur
C)lateral epicondyle
D)head of the femur
14
The lateral malleolus is a process on the
A)tibia
B)calcaneus
C)fibula
D)talus
15
Which bone forms the heel of the foot?
A)talus
B)phalanges
C)calcaneus
D)metatarsal
16
What structure is in only a few synovial joints?
A)a meniscus
B)articular cartilage
C)a joint capsule
D)synovial fluid
17
Bending a joint so that the angle between the bones decreases is
A)extension
B)flexion
C)dorsiflexion
D)rotation
18
Moving a part toward the midline of the body is
A)pronation
B)plantar flexion
C)adduction
D)eversion
19
The wall of the diaphysis is composed mainly of spongy bone.
A)True
B)False
20
The end of a long bone nearest to the trunk is the distal epiphysis.
A)True
B)False
21
The spaces in spongy bone help reduce the weight of the bone.
A)True
B)False
22
Sutures of the skull are examples of fibrous joints.
A)True
B)False
23
The primary ossification center in long bones is located in the center of the diaphysis.
A)True
B)False
24
Intramembranous bones form between two thin layers of cartilage.
A)True
B)False
25
It is the bones of the axial skeleton that primarily provide protection for internal organs.
A)True
B)False
26
Long bones are usually the fulcrum of a lever that produces movement.
A)True
B)False
27
The function of yellow marrow is to store white blood cells.
A)True
B)False
28
The sacrum is comprised of several fused vertebrae.
A)True
B)False
29
Bone tissue homeostasis is regulated by the nervous system.
A)True
B)False
30
Inadequate levels of blood calcium can impair blood clotting and conduction of nerve impulses.
A)True
B)False
31
The pelvic girdle consists of the two hip bones.
A)True
B)False
32
The radius is located on the thumb side of the forearm.
A)True
B)False
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