American History: A Survey (Brinkley), 13th Edition


Multiple Choice Quiz

Each of the following was a reason for the colonists to enjoy their membership in the British Empire in the 1750s EXCEPT
A)military protection from the Indians and the French.
B)political stability.
C)British subsidies for colonial industry.
D)opportunity for trade.
E)opportunity for university education in England.
During the fifty years after the Glorious Revolution, the British policy of neglect of the colonial economy
A)dissipated as the kings reasserted their power in the British government.
B)was lessened by the capabilities of royal officials in America.
C)was sustained by some Parliamentary leaders who believed relaxation of restrictions would spur commerce.
D)was lessened as officials in London learned more about the colonial economies.
E)caused the colonists to feel more American than English.
By the 1750s colonial legislatures had come to see themselves as
A)little parliaments.
B)agents of the royal governor.
D)agents for democratic reform.
E)agents for the king.
A conference of colonial leaders gathered in Albany, New York in 1754 to discuss a proposal by Benjamin Franklin to
A)declare war on the French and Indians.
B)negotiate a treaty with the French.
C)expand a system of intercolonial roads.
D)extend the operation of the colonial postal service.
E)establish "one general government" for all the colonies.
Both the French and the English were well aware that the battle for control of North America would be determined in part by
A)who had the Dutch on their side.
B)whose king was the best military commander.
C)which group could win the allegiance of native tribes.
D)whose armies could best fight "Indian" fashion.
E)whose army had the best infantry.
The British victory in the Great War for the Empire
A)expelled France and Spain from North America.
B)gave England control of most the settled regions of North America.
C)resulted in the defeat of all North American Indian tribes.
D)resulted in less contact between Britain and America.
E)resulted in the colonists' control of the Missouri River.
Prior to the Great War for the Empire, the Iroquois Confederacy
A)traded exclusively with the English.
B)traded exclusively with the French.
C)maintained their autonomy by avoiding a close relationship with both the French and the English.
D)traded only with the five tribes that made up the Confederacy.
E)began trading with the Spanish.
Which of the following did NOT occur during the prime ministry of William Pitt?
A)Americans were reimbursed for supplies requisitioned in their British colonies.
B)Colonial assemblies were in charge of recruitment in their respective colonies.
C)The French lost the city of Quebec.
D)Most of the fighting was done by colonial militia.
E)The Iroquois remained neutral.
For which of the following was the result of the Great War for the Empire a disaster?
A)English frontiersmen and traders
B)colonial merchants
C)the Iroquois Confederacy
D)the Royal Africa Company
E)the Hudson Bay Company
The English decision to reorganize the British Empire after 1763 was the result of
A)colonial demands for more efficient government.
B)problems in the merchant community and their desire for regulation.
C)colonial unrest, which the British government planned to put down before it became serious.
D)enormous war debts and large increases in territory.
E)the accession of George III to the English throne.
George III influenced the growing strain between the colonies and Great Britain through
A)his alliance with the Whigs led by William Pitt.
B)his psychological illness during the 1760s and 1770s.
C)his willingness to defer while Parliament dictated increasingly harsh terms to the colonies.
D)his insecure personality, which contributed to the instability of the British government during these years.
E)his throwing the Boston Tea Party.
In an effort to keep peace between frontiersmen and Indians and provide for a more orderly settlement of the West, the British government
A)granted the Indian confederations sovereign recognition.
B)gave Indian tribes and confederations colonial status.
C)allowed interior settlement only if settlers bought land from the tribes.
D)put forts in the Ohio Valley to protect settlers there.
E)forbade settlers from crossing the mountains that divided the Atlantic coast from the interior.
Which of the following was a consequence of the policies of the Grenville ministry?
A)British tax revenues in the colonies increased ten times.
B)Colonists effectively resisted and paid little tax.
C)Many colonial merchants went out of business.
D)Colonial assemblies assumed the responsibility for taxing their individual colonies.
E)British tax revenues from the colonies declined.
British policies after 1763
A)destroyed the economy of the American colonies.
B)stripped colonial assemblies of their authority.
C)created a deep sense of economic unease, particularly in colonial cities.
D)actually helped the colonial economy.
E)inspired greater colonial loyalty to the crown.
Colonists argued that the Stamp Act was not proper because
A)it affected only a few people, so the burden was not shared.
B)the money raised would not be spent in the colonies.
C)colonies could be taxed only by their provincial assemblies.
D)the tax was too high.
E)it violated freedom of the press.
British authorities decided to repeal the Stamp Act primarily because of the
A)passage of the "Virginia Resolves."
B)well-reasoned petitions of the Stamp Act Congress.
C)intimidation tactics employed by the Sons of Liberty.
D)passage of the Declaratory Act.
E)economic pressure caused by a colonial boycott of English goods.
Townshend believed his taxes on the colonists would not be protested because they were
A)"external" taxes—taxes on goods brought from overseas.
B)not going to be strictly enforced.
C)lower than the Stamp Act taxes.
D)to support colonial projects.
E)creating more government jobs for colonists.
The Boston Massacre
A)drove the American resistance underground.
B)reversed the calming trend that had occurred after the repeal of the Townshend Acts.
C)made John Adams a leader of the resistance.
D)killed over thirty members of the resistance.
E)was probably the result of panic and confusion.
Colonial "committees of correspondence" were created to
A)keep colonial intellectuals in contact with each other.
B)intercept mail between American Tories and the British government.
C)improve the writing skills of young gentlemen.
D)correspond with English radicals who supported the American cause.
E)publicize grievances against England.
American complaints concerning lack of representation made little sense to the English, who pointed out that
A)over eighty percent of the population of Great Britain was entitled to vote for members of Parliament.
B)each colony was represented by an agent and a designated member of Parliament.
C)each member of Parliament represented the interests of the whole empire rather than a particular individual or geographical area.
D)American participation in parliamentary discussions would bind them to unpopular decisions.
E)American colonists were eligible to vote for members of Parliament.
Colonists felt that when the English constitution was allowed to function properly, it created the best political system because it
A)distributed power among the three elements of society—the monarchy, the aristocracy, and the common people.
B)created a republican government.
C)created a democracy.
D)put power in the hands of those best suited to govern.
E)provided semi-autonomy to the colonies.
The Coercive or Intolerable Acts
A)isolated Massachusetts from the other colonies.
B)made Massachusetts a martyr in the eyes of other colonies.
C)created no concern among any group other than merchants.
D)increased the power of colonial assemblies.
E)led to the impressments of American merchant seamen into the British navy.
Which of the following was NOT a step taken by the First Continental Congress?
A)It adopted a plan for a colonial union under British authority.
B)It endorsed a statement of grievances.
C)It called for military preparations.
D)It called for a series of boycotts.
E)It demanded the abdication of the king.
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