American History: A Survey (Brinkley), 13th Edition

Chapter 24: THE NEW DEAL

Study Questions

What sort of relationship did President Roosevelt develop with the press and the public to build confidence in the nation?
Why was banking the new president's number one order of business? What was done immediately and later in the New Deal?
What was the purpose of the Economy Act of 1933?
What measures were taken to restore confidence in the stock market?
What was the principle feature of New Deal farm policy? How well did it work? Which farmers were served best? Who was left out?
Describe the goals and concepts of the National Recovery Administration (NRA). Why was it less than fully successful? How did it end?
What were the goals and concepts of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)? How well did it meet them?
What assumptions and values underlie the early relief programs of the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) and the Civil Works Administration (CWA)? What different dimension did the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) add?
What organization led the conservative attack on Roosevelt in 1934 and 1935? Who were its main supporters?
How successful were the socialists and communists in exploiting the unrest caused by the Depression?
Briefly characterize the ideas of Huey Long, Francis Townsend, and Charles E. Coughlin. Who was probably most important among them? How did Roosevelt respond?
Describe the 1935 legislative initiatives that signaled the emergence of the Second New Deal. To what extent were these acts reactions to political agitation and court rulings?
Compare and contrast craft unionism and industrial unionism. What caused the split between the AFL and the CIO?
Why did organized labor become more militant in the 1930s? How did the Wagner Act help? In what industries did unions make especially significant gains?
What distinct programs were provided for in the Social Security Act of 1935? What aspects of "insurance" rather than "welfare" were reflected in the law?
Describe the Works Progress Administration (WPA) and its accomplishments. How did it go beyond traditional public-works programs?
What were the elements of the New Deal-Democratic political coalition that propelled Roosevelt to victory in 1936?
What was Roosevelt's objective in the "Court-packing" plan? What were the political repercussions of the episode?
What seems to have been the main cause of the 1937 recession? Whose economic theory appeared to be supported by the recession and the effect of the administration's response to it?
What did the New Deal offer to African Americans? What political realities did Roosevelt face regarding treatment of blacks? What special role did Eleanor Roosevelt play?
What new direction in Indian policy did the Roosevelt administration take? What were the results of the new policy?
Describe how the New Deal represented a "breakthrough" in the role of women in public life. What cultural norms limited the opportunities for women?
Describe the impact the New Deal had on the West. Why was it greater than on other sections of the nation?
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