The least accessible locations within a city tend to be occupied by which land use?
As of 2005, which region had the largest percentage of its population residing in cities?
Each of the following is a characteristic of women's urban social space except:
|A)||women are more numerous in large central cities than are men.|
|B)||women constitute the bulk of the urban poor because "women's jobs" are dominated by lower wage rates, part-time employment, and lack of job security.|
|C)||women rely more heavily on public transportation than do men.|
|D)||women tend to find employment in occupations that are more geographically concentrated than men's occupations.|
Which of the following statements concerning the multiplier effect is correct?
|A)||It is based on the city's fertility rates.|
|B)||It is only useful in larger metropolitan centers.|
|C)||It only increases; it does not decrease.|
|D)||The size of the effect is determined by the city's basic/nonbasic ratio.|
All of the following are common features of cities in the developing world except:
|A)||few of the large cities have modern centers of commerce.|
|B)||all have experienced massive in-migrations from rural areas.|
|C)||most are ringed by vast squatter settlements.|
|D)||all have populations greater than their formal functions and employment bases can support.|
Central places are so named because they:
|A)||are located in the center of a rural area.|
|B)||developed on an isotropic plain.|
|C)||serve as nodal points for the distribution of goods and services to surrounding nonurban areas.|
|D)||were first described by Walter Christaller.|
Which of the following places satisfies the criteria to be considered an urban area?
|A)||A place in the United States with 2,500 or more inhabitants.|
|B)||A place in Greece with at least 10,000 inhabitants.|
|C)||A place in Nicaragua with 1,000 or more inhabitants.|
|D)||All of the above.|
According to the rank-size rule, the third-ranked settlement will be what ratio to the size of the first-ranked settlement?
Which of the following is not considered a major reason for the increase in America's homeless population?
|A)||government policies leading to a shortage of affordable housing|
|B)||increases in soup kitchens, food banks, and shelters run by nonprofit groups|
|C)||increases in job loss, divorce, domestic violence, and incapacitating illnesses|
|D)||reduced funding for mental hospitals, resulting in more formerly institutionalized people out on the street|
Which of the following statements concerning zoning is not correct?
|A)||It is designed to minimize land use incompatibilities.|
|B)||It is designed to segregate different populations from each other.|
|C)||It is designed to prevent the emergence of slums.|
|D)||It is designed to reduce market-induced pressures for land use change.|
Urbanization emerges out of rural settlement patterns when:
|A)||communities become self-contained.|
|B)||houses become dispersed along main roads.|
|C)||the heights of buildings increase.|
|D)||trade develops between two or more settlements.|
In which of the following world regions would a primate city hierarchy most likely be found?
Which of the following is a positive impact attributed to immigrants arriving in U.S. "gateway" cities?
|A)||buying and renovating properties|
|B)||spending money in local businesses|
|C)||establishing new businesses|
|D)||All of the above|
In a city with a basic/nonbasic ratio of 1:2.5, an increase of 10,000 basic sector jobs would generate how many new total employees in the city?
Which of the following is a characteristic shared among Western European cities?
|A)||sprawling suburbs and exurbs|
|B)||compact city form|
|C)||low population densities|
|D)||All of the above|
According to urban hierarchy theory, any given country should:
|A)||have fewer large and complex cities than small towns.|
|B)||have small towns that serve as hubs for high order economic functions.|
|D)||the same number of small towns and megacities.|
At the beginning of the 20th century there were 12 metropolitan areas with populations that exceeded 1 million. By 2000, that figure was approximately:
Which of the following statements best describes the site of a city?
|A)||Chicago is approximately 850 miles from New York City.|
|B)||Des Moines, Iowa, is located in the heart of the Corn Belt.|
|C)||Pittsburgh is located at the confluence of the Ohio, Allegheny, and Monongahela Rivers.|
|D)||Seattle is located in the Pacific Northwest.|
Of the following urban structures, which is the largest in areal extent?
A country whose urban system approximates rank-size ordering is:
The characteristic that most distinguishes metropolises in developing countries from those in Western nations is the:
|A)||number of apartment buildings.|
The greatest proportion of black segregation in the United States is found in the metropolitan areas of the:
|A)||South and West.|
|B)||Northwest and Northeast.|
|C)||Midwest and Northeast.|
|D)||Southeast and Midwest.|
A good indicator of social status is:
|A)||commuting distance to the CBD.|
|C)||number of mass transit versus automobile users.|
|D)||number of persons per room per housing unit.|
In the period following the Second World War, cities in which of the following regions were profoundly shaped by government central planning ministries?
|A)||Latin American city|
|B)||East European city|
|C)||North American city|
|D)||West European city|
The "traditional bazaar city" is characteristic of cities in which world region?